Bondanella, Julia Conway, Peter Bondanella, Bruce Cole, and Jody Robin Shiffman, eds. "The Life of Titian" by Carlo Ridolfi. University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996, 146 pp., $40.00, cloth; $19.95, paper.
After Lives of the Most Famous Artists by Giorgio Vasari, The Life of Titian by the seventeenth-century Venetian artist and writer Carlo Ridolfi is the most important contemporary documentary source for our understanding of this great Renaissance artist. This new critical edition, the first translation into English of Ridolfi's biography, illuminates Titian's life, artistic production, and early critical reputation. Two introductory essays present the nature, scope, and importance of the biography for the study of Titian and Venetian art, and place Ridolfi in the tradition of Renaissance biography and artistic literature. The critical annotations are extensive and provide a guide to the interpretation of this major historical work. Julia Conway Bondanella is an associate professor of French and Italian and associate director of the Honors Division. Peter Bondanella is a professor of French and Italian, film studies, and West European studies; a distinguished professor of comparative literature; and chair of the Department of West European Studies. Cole is a distinguished professor of fine arts and a professor of comparative literature. All three are at IUB.
Edmondson, Frank K. AURA and Its U.S. National Observatories. Cambridge, Great Britain: Cambridge University Press, 1997, 367 pp., $80.00, cloth.
This is a personal account of a period of major innovation in American optical astronomy. A new source of funding for astronomy stemmed from the creation of the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1950. Astronomers were quick to take advantage of the opportunities this provided to found new observatories. The author, a former member of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) board of directors, describes the science and politics of the establishment, funding, construction, and operation of the Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO) and the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA). AURA was asked to manage the Sacramento Peak Observatory (SPO) in 1976, and in 1982, the National Solar Observatory (NSO) was formed by merging the SPO and the KPNO solar programs. KPNO, CTIO, and NSO were combined in 1983 to form the National Optical Astronomy Observatories (NOAO). In 1981, NASA chose AURA to establish and operate the Space Telescope Science Institute. Edmondson is a professor emeritus of astronomy at IUB.
Findling, John E., and Kimberly D. Pelle, eds. Historical Dictionary of the Modern Olympic Movement. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1996, 239 pp., $79.50, cloth.
Starting with the historical context in which the modern Olympic Games have taken place, each contributing author emphasizes such matters as site selection and development, political questions or controversies, collateral events, programmatic changes, and political and economic consequences. There are also bibliographical essays to guide readers to the best primary and secondary sources on each Olympics. Findling is a professor of history and Pelle is a counselor for high school recruitment in the office of admissions. Both are at IUS.
Hansen, William, ed. and trans. "Phlegon of Tralles": Book of Marvels. Exeter, United Kingdom: University of Exeter Press, 1996, 215 pp., $23.95, paper.
A compilation of marvelous events of a grotesque, bizarre, or sensational nature, this book was compiled in the second century A.D. by Phlegon of Tralles, a Greek freedman of the Roman emperor Hadrian. The earliest surviving work of pure sensationalism in Western literature, this text belongs to the genre of literature known as paradoxography, or "the recording of marvels." The book is arranged in thematic sections: "Ghosts, Sex Changes, and Hermaphroditex," "Finds of Giant Bones," "Monstrous Births," "Births from Males," "Amazing Multiple Births," "Abnormally Rapid Development of Human Beings," and "Discoveries of Live Centaurs." Hansen is a professor of classical studies at IUB.
Herbert, Steve. Policing Space: Territoriality and the Los Angeles Police Department. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997, 194 pp., $44.95, cloth; $17.95, paper.
This firsthand account of how the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) attempts to control its vast, heterogeneous territory offers a ground-level look at the relationship between the control of space and the exercise of power. The author spent eight months observing one patrol division of the LAPD on the job. His fieldwork with the officers in the Wilshire Division affords readers a close view of the complex factors at play in how the police define and control territory, how they make and mark space. Herbert is an assistant professor of criminal justice at IUB.
Jacobi, Peter P. The Magazine Article: How to Think It, Plan It, Write It. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, 247 pp., $29.95, cloth; $12.95, paper.
Creativity is often making the most of a subject, rethinking it, and taking a different approach to make it original and inventive. This guide contains hundreds of ideas to help writers become more creative in the way they think about, plan, and write magazine articles. It includes detailed information on topics including slanting the subject, gathering information, writing leads and endings, and fine tuning articles. Jacobi is a professor of journalism at IUB.
Jensen, H. James., ed. The Sensational Restoration. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1996, 450 pp., $49.95, cloth; $24.95, paper.
English Restoration writing, known for its skeptical libertinism, addressed social mores, attitudes toward the arts, economic and political questions, social problems, and conventions of social graces, as well as youth, cynicism, religious and philosophical assumptions, gender issues, and class and economic debates. This anthology contains excerpts from Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan and includes Charleton's The Ephesian Matron, Etherege's The Man of Mode, Wycherley's The Plain Dealer, Behn's The Rover, Shadwell's The Virtuoso, and a selection of poems. The editor provides a general introduction and an introduction and annotations for each work. Jensen is a professor of English and comparative literature at IUB.
Martin, Phyllis M. Leisure and Society in Colonial Brazzaville. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1995, 279 pp., $59.95, cloth.
The author opens up a new field of African research: the leisure activities of urban Africans. In her study, focusing on colonial Brazzaville and based on a variety of written sources and interviews, she investigates recreational activities from football to fashion to music, dance, and nightlife. She discusses the way in which these activities built social networks, humanized daily life, and forged new identities, and explains how they ultimately helped to remake older traditions and values to create new cultural forms. The book won the Alf Heggoy Memorial Prize for the best book on French Colonial History for 1995 from the French Colonial Historical Society. Martin is a professor of history at IUB.
Miller, Andrew H., and James Eli Adams, eds. Sexualities in Victorian Britain. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1996, 239 pp., $39.95, cloth.
In the twentieth century, accounts of Victorian sexuality have changed as dramatically as have understandings of sexuality generally. What has remained persistent, however, is the prominence that these discourses of sexuality have assigned to Victorian culture. The nineteenth century produced the very concept of sexuality as an object of study; as a result, Victorian understandings continue to occupy a central place in contemporary discussions of sex. An introduction to Victorian sexuality and a survey of current critical methods, this volume of essays emphasizes the remarkable variety of Victorian sexuality and the intricate particularity of sexual identities that shaped the way Victorians thought about themselves. Miller and Adams are associate professors of English. Both are at IUB.
Musa, Mark. Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy: Verse Translation and Commentary. Volume 1: Inferno: Italian Text and Verse Translation and Volume 2: Inferno: Commentary. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, Volume 1, 335 pp.; Volume 2, 472 pp.; $89.95, cloth.
The author offers a new translation and interpretation in this revision of his earlier version of Dante's Inferno, long cited as the most accessible and reliable English translation. The dual-language first volume presents the translation with facing Italian text. The second volume is a compilation of work from the author's lifetime study of the Inferno. In it, Musa examines and discusses the critical commentary of other Dante scholars and presents his own ideas and interpretations. Musa is a distinguished professor of French and Italian at IUB.
Pettiway, Leon E. Honey, Honey, Miss Thang: Being Black, Gay, and on the Streets. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1996, 270 pp., $54.95, cloth; $19.95, paper.
Many straight Americans would never embrace homosexuals as neighbors, coworkers, or friends. Still less would they accept as equals those transgendered individuals who work the streets to provide themselves with drug money. This book seeks to change that. It describes the lives of five African American gay hustlers who struggle to survive and to maintain a life of dignity and value in the face of their drug use and criminal activity. By letting these people speak, the author evokes questions and encourages discussion and a reevaluation of those who are labeled as deviant. Pettiway is an associate professor of criminal justice at IUB.
Riley, James C. Sick, Not Dead: The Health of British Workingmen during the Mortality Decline. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997, 349 pp., $58.00, cloth.
The life expectancy of British workers rose dramatically during the nineteenth century, a period in which workingmen began routinely to consult doctors. But while death rates fell, episodes of disease and injury lasted longer. Instead of dying at relatively young ages, workingmen lived longer and experienced more sickness. The author traces these developments and examines the arrangements made for providing medical care to workers. Drawing on work attendance and sick visit records, he explores how workingmen were provided with access to doctors and regulated compensation for wages lost due to sickness. He finds in this period the roots of today's doctor-patient relationship. In the 1870s, when a small number of patients could choose among a relatively large number of doctors, patients demanded and received frequent, convenient consultations for low fees. But as the number of patients increased in the 1890s, working people began to accept care they have previously rejected as inattentive or deficient. In the 1910s and '20s, doctors improved their own organization and used it to seize control of the fee schedule. Riley is a professor of history at IUB.
Tschirhart, Mary. Artful Leadership: Managing Stakeholder Problems in Nonprofit Arts Organizations. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, 116 pp., $24.95, cloth.
Nonprofit organizations sometimes experience problems with stakeholders. When this happens, the organization's manager must decide how to respond. In this study, the author addresses three questions: What types of problems do managers experience with their organizational stakeholders? How do they respond to these problems? and What determines how different responses are used? Interviews with managers of twenty-four nonprofit arts organizations yielded information on three types of problems. In problems of organizational legitimacy, the stakeholder's values or norms are in conflict with the organization's activities; for example, audience members are upset that a theater's performance includes nudity. In stakeholder legitimacy problems, the organization's values or norms are in conflict with stakeholders' activities, as in the case of a theater concerned that a volunteer is misusing theater funds. In efficiency problems, organizational and stakeholder activities are interdependent and incompatible, without any violation of the values or norms of either party, as when a theater is competing with other theaters for a funder's limited monies. Along with detailed discussions of these problems, the author offers practical advice on responding to complaints. Tschirhart is an assistant professor of public and environmental affairs at IUB.
von Furstenberg, George M. The Banking and Financial Structure in the NAFTA Countries and Chile. Norwell, Massachusetts: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997, 266 pp., $105.00, cloth.
Since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) took effect at the beginning of 1994, production and trade in goods and services have become ever more integrated in the region. Banking and financial systems thus also must increasingly inform, adjudicate, transact, invest, insure, and intermediate all across North America. Presently, however, there is no single or up-to-date source of information on the banking and finance systems of current (Canada, the United States, and Mexico) and prospective (Chile) NAFTA countries. This volume presents the first report on the banking and financial structure of each of the three NAFTA countries and Chile. Von Furstenberg is the Rudy Professor of Economics at IUB.