Barwise, K. Jon and Lawrence S. Moss. Vicious Circles: On the Mathematics of Non wellfounded Phenomena. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 400 pp., $64.95, cloth; $24.95, paper.
The subject of non-wellfounded sets, originally studied by mathematicians and philosophers, came to prominence with the 1988 publication of Peter Aczel's book on the subject. Since then, a number of researchers in widely differing fields have used non-wellfounded sets (also called 'hypersets') in modeling many types of circular phenomena. The application areas range from knowledge representation and theoretical economics to the semantics of natural language and programming languages. In this introductory text for professionals and academics at the graduate school level and above, theoretical points are always illustrated by examples from the applications and by exercises whose solutions are presented. This volume also develops the mathematics behind solving systems of set equations, greatest fixed points, co-induction, and corecursion. The application chapters contain new material on modal logic and new explorations of paradoxes from semantics and game theory. Barwise is the College Professor of Philosophy, Computer Science, and Mathematics. Moss is an associate professor of mathematics. Both are at IUB.
Bondanella, Peter. Umberto Eco and the Open Text: Semiotics, Fiction, Popular Culture. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 1997, 218 pp., $45.00, cloth.
Umberto Eco is Italy's most famous living intellectual, known among academics for his literary and cultural theories and to an enormous international audience through his novels, The Name of the Rose, Foucault's Pendulum, and The Island of the Day Before. The author considers not only Eco's most famous texts, but also many occasional essays not yet translated into English. He shows how Eco's fiction grows out of his literary and cultural theories, tracing Eco's intellectual development from early studies in medieval aesthetics to seminal works on popular culture, postmodern fiction, and semiotics. Bondanella is a distinguished professor of comparative literature, a professor of film studies, Italian, and West European studies, and the chair of West European studies at IUB.
Ferrell, Robert H., ed. FDR's Quite Confidant: The Autobiography of Frank C. Walker. Niwot, Colorado: University Press of Colorado, 1997, 194 pp., $34.95, cloth.
Frank C. Walker was widely considered to be Franklin Roosevelt's most trusted and important aide. From 1930, when Walker played an instrumental role in his political campaign, until Roosevelt's death in 1945, Walker held a variety of roles under Roosevelt: coordinating secretary for the New Deal agencies, postmaster general during the war years, and national chairman of the Democratic Party. Edited and with an introduction by the author, this work is a portrait of a volatile time in American political history and will be of interest to American and presidential historians. Ferrell is a distinguished professor emeritus of history at IUB.
Gubar, Susan. Racechanges: White Skin, Black Face in American Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, 327 pp., $37.50, cloth.
Ted Danson appearing in burnt cork at a Friars Club roast, a racially mixed Eve morphed onto the cover of Time, Michael Jackson whitening his face, O. J. Simpson growing blacker in the perceptions of white TV viewers: How are these contemporary examples of "racechange" explained by cultural history? Do they indicate how far society has progressed since the days when blackface performers were the toast of vaudeville? Or are they an uncomfortable reminder of a chasm still separating black and white America? In this book, the author explores crossracial impersonations and imitations in modern American film, fiction, poetry, painting, photography, and journalism. Gubar is a distinguished professor of English at IUB.
Hofstadter, Douglas R. Le Ton beau de Marot: In Praise of the Music of Language. New York: Basic Books, 1997, 632 pp., $30.00, cloth.
This personal homage to the witty sixteenth-century French poet Clément Marot is also an autobiographical essay, a love letter to the French language, a bouquet of stirring poetry, and a series of musings on life, loss, and death. But most of all, it celebrates the limitless creativity fired by a passion for the music of words. Dozens of literary themes and creations are woven into the picture, including Pushkin's Euene Onegin, Dante's Inferno, Salinger's Catcher in the Rye, Villon's ballades, Nabokov's essays, Georges Perec's La disparition, Vikram Seth's Golden Gate, Horace's odes, and more. The book is meant not only for lovers of literature, but also for people who wish to be brought into contact with current ideas about how creativity works and who wish to see how today's computational models of language and thought stack up next to the human mind. Hofstadter is the College Professor of Cognitive Science and Computer Science at IUB.
Houser, Nathan, Don D. Roberts, and James Van Evra, eds. Studies in the Logic of Charles Sanders Peirce. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, 653 pp., $49.95, cloth.
This volume provides a comprehensive exploration of Charles Sanders Peirce's work in mathematics and formal logic, highlighting linkages between Peirce's work and present developments in the science and history of logic. The essays are collected from an internationally distinguished group of scholars who gathered at Harvard University in 1989 to commemorate Peirce's birth in 1839. Houser is a professor of philosophy and director of the Peirce Project at IUPUI.
Ipsen, Carl. Dictating Demography: The Problem of Population in Fascist Italy. Great
Britain: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 281 pp., $55.00, cloth.
Mussolini believed the key to national, economic, political, and military strength lay in numbers. Between 1925 and 1943 the Italian Fascist regime sought to translate that belief into policy and embarked upon a "demographic battle" to increase the Italian population. Using a combination of propaganda, incentives, and penalties, the Fascists waged campaigns to increase the birth rate and decrease infant mortality, to establish demographic colonies in Italy, Libya, and Ethiopia, and to prevent emigration and urbanization. Ultimately they became concerned about demographic "quality" and introduced laws against miscegenation with Africans and marriage with Jews. This book is a detailed examination of that policy. Based on archival, legislative, and journalistic sources, it also shows how the Fascists used statistics to mold public opinion and to form policy, and it demonstrates the ways in which population theory at the time both reflected and informed official positions. Ipsen is an assistant professor of West European studies and history at IUB.
Johnson, Charles, and John McCluskey, Jr., eds. Black Men Speaking. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, 190 pp., $19.95, cloth.
Moved by their experiences as fathers and sons, husbands and brothers, the editors have assembled a collection of essays that address the complexity of life as an African American male at the eleventh hour of the twentieth century. The collection is made up of essays written not only by men of letters, but also by professionals who "work in the field" with at-risk young black men. The result is not a monolithic view, although all agree that black men today face a crisis of staggering proportions and that men of the older generation must offer young men ways out of the morass of despair and low self-esteem that is the result of overt or insidious racism. These true and complex stories are of real people attempting to thwart forces of cynicism and pessimism and to forge rituals of survival and renewal. McCluskey is a professor Afro-American studies and chair of the Department of Afro-American Studies at IUB.
Johnson, John William. Heelloy: Modern Poetry and Songs of the Somali. Second edition. London, England: Haan Publishing, 1996, 241 pp., £40.00, cloth; £14.95, paper.
Outsiders coming into contact with Somali culture will soon discover that the art of poetry is one of its dominant features. This book investigates the development of modern Somali poetry as manifest in popular song called heello. Just as art and creative expression reflect the life and times against which they are set, so here the study of the heello movement provides us with a window on events and changing attitudes in Somali history during some significant decades of this century. Johnson is an associate professor of folklore at IUB.
Jorgensen, Estelle R. In Search of Music Education. Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1997, 126 pp., $29.95, cloth; $14.95, paper.
What is music education and what should it be? By challenging narrow and inadequate conceptions of the field, the author raises the possibility of alternative views that can dignify the teacher's task, enrich and enliven the profession, and validate an exciting range of additional ways in which music education can be undertaken in the contemporary world. World music and ethnomusicology are emphasized as equal partners alongside the more conventional sounds and styles that have dominated the classroom. Jorgensen is a professor of music at IUB.
Klotman, Phyllis R., and Gloria J. Gibson. Frame by Frame II: A Filmography of the African American Image, 1978-1994. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, 771 pp., $29.95 paper; $49.95 cloth.
This compendium of more than 3,000 films recognizes African Americans who have contributed their talents to an industry that has scarcely recognized them. The annotations also include black casts, directors, executive producers, film composers, performers, producers, screenwriters, and Oscar-award winners and nominees. Klotman is a professor of Afro-American studies and film studies and director of the Black Film Center/Archive. Gibson is an associate professor of Afro American studies and film studies and director of the Archives of Traditional Music. Both are at IUB.
Leeds, Bruce, ed. Writing in a Second Language: Insights from First and Second Language Teaching and Research. Westminster, Maryland: Longman, 1996, 218 pp., $30.00, cloth.
This sourcebook for writing teachers brings together some of the most influential and commonly cited articles from both first and second language practice and theory. After an overview that sets the context for understanding where instruction of second language writing has come from and where it is going, the book highlights issues of central concern to contemporary writing teachers and researchers including: the similarities and differences between L1 and L2 writing, the relationship between reading and writing, reader awareness, the processes of composition and revision, responding to student writing, and writing assessment. Leeds is an assistant adjunct professor in the Center for English Language Training at IUB.
Remak, Henry H. H. Structural Elements of the German Novella from Goethe to Thomas Mann. New York: Peter Lang, 1996, 322 pp., $54.95, cloth.
This bilingual study tests principal theoretical elements of the German novella and its variations though its richest period, against relevant aspects of representative texts. Included are texts from classicism (Goethe, Schiller, Wieland, Hebel), romanticism (Kleist, Tieck, E. T. A. Hoffman, Arnim, Brentano), realism (Droste, Gotthelf, Keller, Meyer, Raabe, Storm), naturalism (Hauptmann), psychological realism (Hofmannsthal, Thomas Mann, Kafka, Stefan Sweig, Musil), neoclassicism (Emil Strauss, Bergengruen, Adres), neo-pastoralism (Wiechert), and the neobaroque (Grass). Romantic influences including Boccaccio, Cervantes, and Marguerite de Navarre are considered. Remak is a professor emeritus of Germanic studies, comparative literature, and West European studies at IUB.
Thelen, David. Becoming Citizens the Age of Television: How Americans Challenged the Media and Seized Political Initiative during the Iran-Contra Debate. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996, 247 pp., $15.95, paper.
One of the most disturbing complaints in contemporary society is that politics and governance have moved beyond concerns and conversations of Americans in their daily lives. This book explores how this happened and how Americans have fought to reclaim government for themselves. To explore this issue the author focuses on a conflict that exploded between citizens and leaders in the summer of 1987 as three-quarters of Americans watched a televised congressional hearing. Through that window he shows how citizens rejected the voices constructed for them according to practices of opinion management and instead asserted their right to speak for themselves. Thelen is a professor of history at IUB.
Wainscott, Ronald H. The Emergence of the Modern American Theater, 19141929. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1997, 260 pp., $30.00, cloth.
From World War I to the stock-market crash of 1929, New York theater enjoyed a period of unequaled creative output and experimentation that redefined the direction of American theater--both mainstream and avant-garde--for decades to come. In this book, the author explores the emergence of the modern theater in New York during a turbulent era of clashing artistic tastes and conflicting cultural, economic, and political events. He provides the first complete historical and cultural examination of the period he deems Broadway's most prolific and influential. Beginning with American theatrical responses to World War I, the book goes on to investigate the theater-tax rebellion of 1919, the role of women in popular sex farces, censorship battles over changing themes and language, spatial aspects of American expressionism, popular drama's treatment of commercialism, and theatrical responses to the Russian Revolution. Wainscott is an associate professor of theater and drama at IUB.
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