Indiana University      Research & Creative Activity      April 1998 Volume XXI Number 2

From Inquiry to Publication:
Books by Indiana University Faculty Members

Campus Abbreviations

Austin, David R. Therapeutic Recreation: Processes and Techniques, Third Edition. Champaign, Illinois: Sagamore Publishing, 1997, 460 pp., $37.95, cloth.

Using a "real world" approach to applications of therapeutic recreation, Austin provides a scholarly basis for understanding therapeutic recreation processes and techniques. He covers theories and therapies, clinical supervision, facilitation techniques, leadership skills, and health and safety considerations. Austin is a professor of recreation and park administration at IUB.

Bancroft, John, ed. Researching Sexual Behavior: Methodological Issues. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, 461 pp., $49.95, cloth.

The last ten years have seen an unprecedented surge of survey research into sexual behavior, driven by concern over HIV infection and AIDS and the need to establish the frequency of behaviors that might help spread the virus. In this crisis-like environment, refinement of survey methodology has not been a priority. In 1996, The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction hosted an international gathering to address these research issues. The participants included representatives from most of the recent large-scale surveys in the United States and Europe; other participants brought a wide range of research experience and methodological expertise. A principal objective of the meeting was to promote discussion. This volume is a result of that exchange. Bancroft is director of The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction and clinical professor of psychiatry at IUB.

Bannon, Cynthia J. The Brothers of Romulus: Fraternal Pietas in Roman Law, Literature, and Society. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1997, 234 pp., $35.00, cloth.

Stories about brothers were central to the Romans' public and poetic myth-making, to their experience of family life, and to their ideas about intimacy among men. Through analysis of literary and legal representations, Bannon attempts to recreate the context and contradictions that shaped Roman ideas about brothers. She draws together expressions of brotherly love and rivalry around an idealized notion of fraternity--fraternal pietas--the traditional Roman virtue that combined affection and duty in kinship. Romans believed that the relationship between brothers was especially close because their natural kinship made them nearly alter egos. Brotherhood became a Roman model for relationships between friends, lovers, and soldiers. Bannon is an assistant professor of classical studies at IUB.

Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen, and Beverly Hartford, eds. Beyond Methods: Components of Second Language Teacher Education. New York: McGraw Hill, 1997, 224 pp., $35.30, paper.

Besides serving to introduce language teachers, teacher educators, and curriculum developers to the latest research findings in linguistics and second language acquisition, this book offers a theoretical basis for deciding on methods, syllabus design, and assessment techniques. Among other topics, contributions explore the mental processes underlying language comprehension and use, elucidate the developmental stages in second language acquisition, show how a theory of grammar contributes to an account of language acquisition, survey how language contact and attitude change influence the learning and teaching of second languages, and explore the development of pragmatic competence and its importance for second language instruction. Bardovi-Harlig is an associate professor of linguistics and Hartford is a professor of linguistics. Both are at IUB.

Barr, Alan P., ed. Thomas Henry Huxley's Place in Science & Letters: Centenary Essays. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1997, 353 pp., $50.00, cloth.

When Thomas Henry Huxley died a century ago, he was already recognized as having effectively transformed much of the world of English science. To a significant extent we owe our respect for science and science education to his efforts to legitimize the field. For this collection of essays, the editor commissioned fourteen original pieces that assess from a contemporary perspective Huxley's personality, his marriage, his scientific accomplishments, his disputes with other thinkers of his day, his expression of values, and his importance to the history of science and education. Barr is a professor of English and chairperson of the Department of English at IUN.

Becker, Robert A., and John H. Boyd III. Capital Theory, Equilibrium Analysis and Recursive Utility. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 1997, 345 pp., $69.95, cloth.

A synthesis of the authors' previously unpublished work on recursive models, this book provides an overview of capital theory. The use of recursive utility emphasizes time-consistent decision making. This permits a unified and systematic account of economic dynamics based on neoclassical growth theory. The authors focus on optimal growth, dynamic competitive equilibria, nonlinear dynamics, and monotone comparative dynamics. It is addressed to all researchers in economic growth. Becker is a professor of economics and chairperson of the Department of Economics at IUB.

Bell, Alan. The Mind and Heart in Human Sexual Behavior: Owning and Sharing Our Personal Truths. Northvale, New Jersey: Jason Aronson Inc., 1997, 388 pp., $35.00, cloth.

Alfred Kinsey opened the door to the American bedroom some fifty years ago when he started counting orgasms and published his monumental taxonomy of sexual behaviors. In this book, Bell explores the meanings of sexual events, from cognitions (motivations, conditioning) and transactions (fantasy, masturbation) to the sexual exchange itself--initiation through afterplay. He invites readers to broaden their view of what constitutes sexual territory and challenges them to bypass the usual focus on sexual techniques and behaviors and instead discover, own, and share personal sexual truths. Bell is a professor emeritus of education at IUB.

Beresford, Steven M., David W. Muris, Merrill J. Allen, and Francis A. Young. Improve Your Vision without Glasses or Contact Lenses: A New Program of Therapeutic Eye Exercises. New York, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996, 127 pp., $10.00, paper.

If you want to see more clearly, comfortably, and efficiently, this clinically proven system of twenty exercises and maintenance techniques offers an alternative to dependence on corrective lenses. They can help increase your focusing power, prevent further deterioration of vision, avoid stronger eyeglass prescriptions, and eliminate computer eyestrain. Allen is a professor emeritus of optometry at IUB.

Black, Geoffrey, and J. Peter Burkholder, eds. Charles Ives and the Classical Tradition. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1996, 192 pp., $25.00, cloth.

Although Charles Ives has long been viewed as the quintessential American composer, he placed himself in the European classical tradition, drew on it heavily for his aesthetic philosophy and musical techniques, and extended it to create something new. The book begins with essays that examine the influences on Ives of his musical predecessors and concludes with essays that find extensive parallels between Ives and such European contemporaries as Mahler, Schoenberg, Berg, and Stravinsky, whose music he knew little or not at all, but with whom he shared influences and concerns. Burkholder is a professor of music and acting dean academic affairs and dean of the faculties at IUB.

Burns, Sarah, Betsy Stirrat, Jeffrey A. Wolin, and Jennifer Pearson Yamashiro. The Art of Desire: Erotic Treasurers from the Kinsey Institute. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, 116 pp., $24.95, paper.

Although it was the subject of a 1957 federal court case concerning thirty-one French photographs seized by customs authorities, the Kinsey Institute's collection of erotic art, photography, artifacts, and ephemera is little known outside a small community of scholars. In recognition of the fiftieth anniversary of its founding, the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction joined forces with the Indiana University School of Fine Arts Gallery to introduce the collection to the general public. The resulting exhibition highlighted a representative selection that indicated the collection's range while celebrating its quality. The curators settled upon criteria to guide the selection and screening process. Those items included demonstration of an aspect of beauty, humor, or fantasy--all components of desire. Burns is a professor of fine arts. Stirrat is director of the School of Fine Arts Gallery. Wolin is professor of fine arts and director of the Henry Radford Hope School of Fine Arts. Yamashiro is curator at the Kinsey Institute. All are at IUB.

Coleman, William P. III, C. William Hanke III, William R. Cook Jr., and Rhoda S. Narins. Body Contouring: The New Art of Liposculpture. Carmel, Indiana: Cooper Publishing Group, 1997, 120 pp., $14.00, cloth.

This book is a personal guide to body contouring using the new art of liposculpture- tumescent liposculpture, a safe, effective, permanent technique to help people achieve their body ideal. Unlike the "old style" liposuction methods, tumescent liposculpture requires only local anesthesia, is done as an outpatient procedure, is less expensive, and recovery is very rapid with minimum discomfort. The guide provides general information and describes the procedure in detail to help potential patients make decisions. Hanke is a clinical professor of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery at the IU School of Medicine.

Corsaro, William A. The Sociology of Childhood. Thousand Oaks, California: Pine Forge Press, 1997, 304 pp., $29.95, paper.

The four main sections of this book

Corsaro is the Robert H. Shaffer Class of 1967 Endowed Professor of Sociology and professor of West European studies, at IUB.

Demos, Vasilikie, and Marcia Texler Segal, eds. Advances in Gender Research. Volume 2. Greenwich, Connecticut: JAI Press, 1997, 260 pp., $73.25, cloth.

The seven papers in this volume focus on the effects of context on the socially constructed reality of gender differentiation. Particular attention is paid to the effects of cultural context both on a nation-state basis and on community and identity. The papers reveal considerable variation in the way gender is constructed; at the same time, they point to the tenacity of gender hierarchy or masculine hegemony. Segal is a professor of sociology and associate vice chancellor and dean for research, academic affairs, at IUS.

Dykstra, Clifford E. Physical Chemistry: A Modern Introduction. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1997, 652 pp., $70.00, cloth.

Physical chemistry forms the core of contemporary molecular science, and in this text the molecular nature of matter is the underlying theme. This survey of the fundamentals of physical chemistry will provide students with a detailed quantitative understanding of molecular structure, molecular properties, chemical energies, and reaction phenomena. It connects the macroscopic to the microscopic- the broad applications of fundamental physical properties to the science of molecules. Dykstra is a professor of chemistry at IUPUI.

Eastman, Susan Tyler, and Douglas A. Ferguson, eds. Broadcast/Cable Programming: Strategies and Practices. Fifth Edition. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Co., 1997, 471 pp., $58.70, cloth.

The world of broadcast and cable television programming changes almost as fast as you can change channels. New regulations take effect. New channels appear. Technology impacts procedures. This book provides a grounding in program decision-making (from evaluation of audiences and programs to program selection and scheduling), as well as an update on what is happening in the industry and information to help anticipate the future. Each chapter features insights from industry professionals with expertise in television, cable, radio, and public broadcasting. Eastman is a professor of telecommunications at IUB.

Felleisen, Matthias, and Daniel P. Friedman. A Little Java, A Few Patterns. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1998, 179 pp., $20.00, paper.

Java is a new object-oriented language for programming the Internet and intelligent appliances. In a very short time it has become one of the most widely used programming languages in education, as well as for commercial applications. Design patterns, which have moved object-oriented programming to a new level, provide programmers with a language to communicate with others about their designs. As a result, programs become more readable, reusable, and extensible. The authors use a small subset of Java to introduce pattern-directed program design while guiding readers through the fundamentals of object-oriented programming and pattern-based design. Readers will learn about three essential concepts: interfaces, visitors, and factories. Friedman is a professor of computer science at IUB.

Flury, Bernhard. A First Course in Multivariate Statistics. New York, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1997, 713 pp., $79.95, cloth.

Multivariate statistical methods have evolved from the pioneering work of Fisher, Pearson, Hotelling, and others, motivated by practical problems in biological and other sciences. In the past fifty years, the field has grown rapidly, largely due to the availability of computers that make the calculations feasible. This book provides teachers and students of multivariate statistics with a unified treatment of both theoretical and practical aspects of this area. The text covers mostly parametric models, but gives brief introductions to computer-intensive methods such as the bootstrap and randomization tests as well. Flury is a professor of mathematics at IUB.

Foster, Kathleen A. Captain Watson's Travels in America: The Sketchbooks and Diary of Joshua Rowley Watson, 1772­1818. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997, 372 pp., $69.50, cloth.

From 1816 to 1817, British Naval Captain Joshua Rowley Watson visited friends in Philadelphia and toured the northeastern United States. During that time he filled two sketchbooks and a diary with impressions of travels that took him to Washington, Boston, and the wilds of the Hudson River Valley. Watson's record proves to be a charming and graceful observation of the American scene- particularly of Philadelphia, as Watson includes an extensive overview of Eaglesfield, the country house on the Schuylkill River where he stayed. With a style reminiscent of eighteenth-century British topographical draftsmen, Watson's watercolors joined the flow of British art into America that ultimately formed and inspired the Hudson River school. Foster is curator of modern art, Indiana University Art Museum, IUB.

Fratianni, Michelle U., Dominick Salvatore, and Jürgen Von Hagen, eds. Macroeconomic Policy in Open Economies. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1997, 580 pp., $125.00, cloth.

This volume covers the main areas of modern macroeconomics policy in open economies. Emphasis is on policy applications rather than the development of economic theory. The goals of the book are threefold: to convey an understanding of how economic theories affect actual policy making; to describe the institutional and conceptual development of the international economy; and to explain how national policy-making institutions deal with the international economy. Fratianni is a professor of business economics and public policy and chairperson, Department of Business Economics and Public Policy, at IUB.

Gibbs, Marion E., and Sidney M. Johnson. Medieval German Literature: A Companion. Hamden, Connecticut: Garland Publishing, 1997, 457 pp., $80.00, cloth.

What do people really have to know for the study of medieval German literature? What are the important works? What do they cover? Why are they significant? What is their historical and cultural background? How can one find out more about them? The answers to these questions are presented for German literature from its beginnings to 1400. Johnson is a professor emeritus of Germanic studies at IUB.

Gray, Peter J., and Trudy W. Banta. The Campus-Level Impact of Assessment: Progress, Problems, and Possibilities. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1997, 97 pp., $22.00, paper.

As the assessment movement reaches the end of two decades of intense activity, it is natural to ask: Has it made a difference? Even more important than a simple yes or no answer are the lessons learned from the successes and failures the movement has had in trying to make a difference in the lives of students and in the culture of higher education. This volume cites several successful assessment efforts. It answers questions about why efforts succeed sometimes and not other times. The book provides a rich source of proven practices and lessons learned. Such practices and lessons may be useful for faculty and administrators developing assessment programs at their own institutions, as well as for those in state and national government and in regional accrediting agencies and foundations who hope to help develop effective assessment programs. Banta is a professor of higher education and vice chancellor for planning and institutional improvement at IUPUI.

Hansen, William, ed. Anthology of Ancient Greek Popular Literature. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1998, 349 pp., $73.25, cloth; $18.95, paper.

Not all readers in ancient Greece whiled away the hours with Homer, Plato, or Sophocles--at least, not always. Many enjoyed light reading, such as can be found in the pages of this anthology. Various types of popular writing--novels, short stories, books of jokes or fables, fortune-telling handbooks--trace their origins to the ancient Mediterranean. Some of this literature was so successful that it remained in circulation for centuries, even into the Middle Ages. Translated into other languages, these works were the best sellers of their time and remain enjoyable reading today. They are also fascinating social documents that reveal much about the daily lives, humor, loves, anxieties, fantasies, values, and beliefs of ordinary men and women. Hansen is a professor of classical studies and folklore and chairperson of the Department of Classical Studies at IUB.

Lindio-McGovern, Ligaya. Filipino Peasant Women: Exploitation and Resistance. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997, 225 pp., $19.95, paper.

In this example of the power of the powerless, the author offers the first study of the everyday lives of Filipino peasant women and their means of resisting the exploitative system in which they find themselves. While illustrating the increasing exploitation and poverty these women face, she challenges the conventional portrayal of them as submissive victims. She also illuminates the intersection of gender and class from the village to the global political economy and reveals how gender systems, development policies, the International Monetary Fund, colonial history, militarization, and capitalism interlock to perpetuate the exploitation. Lindio-McGovern is an assistant professor of sociology at IUK.

McCarthy, Martha M., and George D. Kuh. Continuity and Change: The Educational Leadership Professoriate. Columbia, Missouri: The University Council for Educational Administration, 1997, 300 pp., $24.00, paper.

This book reports the findings of a comprehensive 1994 study of educational leadership units and the characteristics, activities, and attitudes of a sample of faculty members involved in preparing school leaders in the United States and Canada. The authors assert that for our nation and children to be served well, educational leadership programs must prepare reflective practitioners informed by leadership theory, education research, and craft knowledge. McCarthy is the Chancellor's Professor of Education. Kuh is a professor of education and an associate dean of the faculties. Both are at IUB.

Mitchell, Roger. Braid. Saline, Michigan: McNaughton & Gunn, Inc., 1997, 59 pp., $10.00, paper.

Full of revelatory observations on nature, culture, and language, the poet intertwines what's most elusive with what's closest at hand. Mitchell is a professor of English at IUB.

Mull, Richard F., Kathryn G. Bayless, Craig M. Ross, and Lynn M. Jamieson. Recreational Sport Management. Third Edition. Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics, 1997, 335 pp., $30.00, cloth.

Written from a programmer's point of view, this book explains how to initiate, develop, and maintain effective recreational sport programs in a variety of settings. It lays the groundwork for understanding sport management foundations, provides practical information on recreational sport program delivery, and addresses management systems, principles, and applications. This edition contains new chapters on fitness, risk management, and marketing. It features special elements that provide computer applications for programming and administrative functions, descriptions of model programs, and suggestions for mainstreaming individuals with disabilities. Mull is an assistant professor of kinesiology. Bayless is the director of the Division of Recreational Sports. Ross and Jamieson are associate professors of recreation and park administration. All four are at IUB.

Mullen, E. Theodore Jr. Ethnic Myths and Pentateuchal Foundations: A New Approach to the Formation of the Pentateuch. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1997, 350 pp., $34.95, paper.

Most interpretations of the Pentateuch depend upon analysis, identification, and dating of reconstructed sources. This book presents a new interpretive model that views the Pentateuch as documenting the foundation of a distinct ethnic and religious group. Mullen argues that the Pentateuch was composed in Judah during the Persian period in response to threats to the community resulting from foreign domination. The various materials from which the Pentateuch was composed are understood as constructing religious and social boundaries that create the group's ethnic identity. Emphasis is placed upon ways selected texts may have been publicly read to construct and maintain such identity. Problems of historicity are thereby avoided, and light is shed on the process by which these public texts as "ethnic myths" came to be regarded as scripture. This work advances understanding in the areas of scriptural formation and early Judaism, as well as in the anthropological understanding of ethnic boundary formation. Mullen is a professor of religious studies and chairperson of the Department of Religious Studies at IUPUI.

Nnaemeka, Obioma, ed. The Politics of (M)Othering: Womanhood, Identity, and Resistance in African Literature. New York, New York: Routledge, 1997, 233 pp., $65.00, cloth; $18.95, paper.

Over the last decade, post-colonial studies have become a defining feature in critical thought, and Africa with its wealth of literatures continues to play a crucial role in shaping post-colonial discourse. This book widens the debates in post-colonialism by bringing together critics at the forefront of African literatures. It examines the paradoxical location of (m)other as both central and marginal and engages feminist theory by showing how issues in feminism are, in African literature, recast in different and complex ways. The book is a resource for those interested in African, gender, literary, cultural, or post-colonial studies, and in critical theory. Nnaemeka is an associate professor of French and women's studies at IUPUI.

Ovando, Carlos J., and Virginia P. Collier. Bilingual and ESL Classrooms: Teaching in Multicultural Contexts. Second Edition. Boston: McGraw Hill, 1998, 388 pp., $37.13, paper.

Demographers predict strong growth in the number of students with close connections to their bilingual/bicultural heritages (now labeled "language minority students" by the federal government); they may be the majority in many states over the next three decades. This book examines research, policy, and effective practices in U.S. schools for students who are from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. It challenges educators to provide appropriate, meaningful, and effective schooling for these students, who too often have been underserved by U.S. schools. Ovando is a professor of education at IUB.

Peterson, James A., and Bruce B. Hronek. Risk Management: Park, Recreation, and Leisure Services. Third Edition. Champaign, Illinois: Sagamore Publishing, 1997, 196 pp., $26.95, paper.

The authors attempt to develop an awareness of legal liability among leisure service providers and to help them manage risk within their organizations. Good risk management creates quality leisure experiences with maximum participant protection and adequate safeguards for administrators, leaders, and organizations. Increased litigation and the willingness to sue over rather trivial matters make this book particularly applicable to the recreation and leisure service practitioner. Peterson is a professor emeritus of recreation and park administration, and Hronek is a professor of recreation and park administration. Both are at IUB.

Pinelli, Thomas E., Rebecca O. Barclay, John M. Kennedy, and Ann P. Bishop, eds. Knowledge Diffusion in the U.S. Aerospace Industry: Managing Knowledge for Competitive Advantage. Two Parts. Greenwich, Connecticut: Ablex Publishing, 1997, two parts, 1,476 pp., $157.00, cloth; $85.00, paper.

This book presents the results of a decade of work conducted under the auspices of the NASA/DoD Aerospace Knowledge Diffusion Research Project. Project scholars have examined knowledge production, transfer, and use in the large commercial aircraft sector of the United States aerospace industry. This sector is a rich source of knowledge, product and process technologies, as well as sophisticated manufacturing and production techniques. Considered a critical component of the U.S. industrial base, this industry has benefited from federally funded research and development for nearly a century. However, little is known about how the knowledge and technology resulting from these public expenditures diffuse at the individual, organizational, national, and international levels. Building on the seminal work of Everett Rogers and others in the diffusion of knowledge and innovation, this book draws on behavioral theory to understand the production, transfer, and use of publicly funded aerospace research and development. Kennedy is co-director of the Center for Survey Research at IUB.

Porterfield, Amanda. Mary Lyon and the Mount Holyoke Missionaries. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997, 179 pp., $32.50, cloth.

Early missionary activity helped shape perceptions about America that persisted as U.S. influence became ubiquitous and political, and as interactions between American missionary women and nonwestern women played a significant role in determining these perceptions. To better understand their interactions, this book points to similar dynamics in the lives of both American missionaries and nonwestern women. Although the nonwestern women encountered by missionaries were more beleaguered by external forces that limited their opportunities for social change, both the students of Mary Lyon, the founder of Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in 1837, and the nonwestern women they tried to serve were caught up in dramatic forces of social change. Porterfield is a professor of religious studies and director of women's studies at IUPUI.

Powell, Hugh. Heinrich Burkart by Therese von Bacheracht. Columbia, South Carolina: Camden House, 1997, 126 pp., $54.95, cloth.

The central theme of the book is the successful philanthropic mission of a middle class technician, amid the uncertainties of his own emotional life, and those of his sister's. Their hopes and ideals are interwoven with social and economic conditions in the Germany of mid-1800s. Written by Therese von Bacheracht (1804­1852), and translated and introduced by the author, this work deals with major matters by airing serious flaws in political life, in the fabric and conventions of society, and by identifying new problems arising from technological and economic developments in the nineteenth century. In her writing von Bacheracht, a forgotten woman, gave evidence of the ideas and practice of communism two years before Marx and Engels published the Communist Manifesto. Powell is a professor emeritus of Germanic studies at IUB.

Raymer, Steve (photographs), and Paul Martin (text). Land of the Ascending Dragon: Rediscovering Vietnam. Norwalk: Connecticut, Gates & Bridges, 1997, 192 pp., $32.00, cloth.

Two decades after the end of the war in Indochina, Vietnam today is a peaceful land of captivating beauty that still tugs at the heart of a generation of Americans now grown to middle age. The lifting of the United States trade embargo against Vietnam and the reestablishment of diplomatic relations have opened the way for Americans to return to this long-isolated nation where more than 58,000 Americans died. This illustrated volume captures the beauty of Vietnam's mountains, rivers, paddies, and beaches. Sweeping vistas take the reader from the craggy karst formations of the Tonkin Gulf to the meandering channels of the Mekong River. Martin and Raymer document Vietnam's fast-changing cities along with the serenity of the countryside. Visits to colonial-flavored Hanoi, the old imperial capital of Hue, historic Danang, the budding resorts of Nha Trang and Dalat, and finally booming Saigon reveal a country brimming with natural and cultural treasures, its citizens looking to the future. Raymer is an assistant professor of journalism at IUB.

Rosenfeld, Alvin H., ed. Thinking about the Holocaust after Half a Century. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, 329 pp., $14.95, paper; $35.00, cloth.

More than fifty years after the end of World War II, how do we understand the nature and consequences of the Holocaust? What kind of historical consciousness has developed with respect to the Nazi destruction of European Jewry? Thirteen scholars examine the representation and reception of the Holocaust within a range of genres and national settings. The authors draw on historical writing, testimonial literature, monuments and memorials, theological reflections, documentary, imaginative poetry, prose, film, and drama to assess both the impact of the Holocaust on postwar consciousness and the impact of contemporary modes of scholarship on our understanding of the Holocaust itself. Rosenfeld is a professor of English and director of the Jewish Studies Program at IUB.

Sept, Jeanne. Investigating Olduvai: Archaeology of Human Origins. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, $29.95, CD-ROM (Macintosh or Windows).

Olduvai Gorge in the Serengeti Plains of Tanzania preserves a rich store of some of the earliest archaeological evidence of human origins. What do we know about the lives of our prehistoric ancestors at Olduvai, and how do we know it? Through an interactive multimedia presentation, this CD-ROM invites viewers to explore this landscape, learn the principles of archaeological science, and engage in the detective work of prehistorical research at the famous FLK-Zinj site. The CD-ROM features movies, animations, photos, and information about the modern environments and wildlife in the area as well as the geology, and ancient environments of Olduvai. Used successfully in the classroom at IUB for several years, Investigating Olduvai is an innovative introduction to human evolution, archaeological methods, prehistory, and African archaeology. Sept is an associate professor of anthropology at IUB.

Shetter, William Z. The Netherlands in Perspective: The Dutch Way of Organizing a Society and Its Setting. The Netherlands: Nederlands Centrum Buitenlanders, 1997, 224 pp., $20.00, paper.

A wide-ranging contemporary picture of the country occupied and shaped by the Dutch, this book describes the various lines along which land and society are organized, and emphasizes the ways all these interact. The twenty short chapters present the physical setting and the form given to land and water, with special attention to physical planning. They go on to the many organizations of the society from commerce and education to language, the structuring of opinion and belief in religious groups and political parties, and the historic background. The last few chapters deal with literature, cultural cooperation with Flemish Belgium, international relations, and, finally, what it means to be a member of Dutch society. Shetter is a professor emeritus of Germanic studies at IUB.

Sniderman, Paul M., and Edward G. Carmines. Reaching Beyond Race. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1997, 191 pp., $22.95, cloth.

If white Americans could reveal what they really think about race, without the risk of appearing as racists, what would they say? The authors illuminate previously hidden aspects of white Americans' thinking about the politics of race by pointing the way toward public policies that could gain wide support and reduce the gap between black and white Americans. They show that prejudice, although by no means gone, has lost its power to dominate the political thinking of white Americans. Concentrating on the new race-conscious agenda, they introduce a method of hidden measurement that reveals liberals are just as angry over affirmative action as conservatives and that racial prejudice, while more common among conservatives, is more powerful in shaping the political thinking of liberals. Carmines is the Rudy Distinguished Professor of Political Science and chairperson of the Department of Political Science at IUB.

Spulber, Nicolas. Redefining the State: Privatization and Welfare Reform in Industrial and Transitional Economies. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997, 254 pp., $39.95, cloth.

Spulber traces the role of the state in both the West and the East for more than two centuries. His discussion covers the creation of the welfare state in the West, and the all-encompassing party-state in the East. He also looks at reform of the Western welfare state by means of privatization and entitlement changes and transmutations in the East through large-scale privatizations and the creation of the "nomenklatura capitalism" run by former Communist officialdom. The book establishes an original connection between the dismantling of state enterprises and the limitation of government functions at all levels in the West, and the collapse and subsequent restructuring of the state on new foundations in the East. Spulber is a distinguished professor emeritus of economics at IUB.

Tischler, Hans, ed. Trouvère Lyrics with Melodies: Complete Comparative Edition, 15 vols. Stuttgart-Neuhausen, Germany: Hänssler-Verlag, 1997, $199.00 (per volume), cloth.

Culled from more than 200 manuscripts, this edition comprises transcriptions of 1,364 songs and song families of the late twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Over 100 of the poets are known, among them Blondel de Nesle, Gace Brulé, and Thibaut de Navarre; other songs and melodies remain anonymous or are ascribed to two or more poet-singers. The lyrics range from love and political songs to crusader and religious pieces. Some of them are related to Latin, Provençal, or minne songs. Each song opens with a brief analysis. Tischler is a professor emeritus of music at IUB.

Valdman, Albert. Chez Nous: Branché sur le monde francophone. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1997, 492 pp., $56.40 (cassettes included), cloth (accompanying workbook, $26.00, paper).

This program in beginning French offers a traditional emphasis on correct form combined with current innovations in language teaching. It emphasizes a communicative approach, the spoken language, a functional view of language, culture taken broadly to include francophone countries as well as France, and use of authentic material. Using a progression from skill-getting to skill-using activities and a mature treatment of francophone culture, the text and its full complement of supplementary materials--including technology-based supplements--help students develop listening, reading, speaking, and writing skills. It exposes them to authentic, contemporary French and encourages them to express themselves on a variety of topics. Valdman is Rudy Professor of French and Italian and Linguistics at IUB.

Volková, Bronislava. A Feminist's Semiotic Odyssey through Czech Literature. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 1997, 195 pp., $89.95, cloth.

This study views major works and authors of Czech and Central European literature in a feminist and non-elitist perspective. It examines the cultural biases expressed in selected major works and the underlying (subconscious) values of their authors. Using a semiotic approach, it gives detailed attention to the hidden emotive meanings of the texts. Themes include authors' attitudes toward relationships between women and men, the images of women in both modern and contemporary Czech literature, nationalistic biases, issues of responsibility, and active versus passive approaches to life. Volková is a professor of Slavic languages and literatures at IUB.

Weaver, David H., ed. The Global Journalist: News People around the World. Cresskill, New Jersey: Hampton Press, Inc., 1998, 492 pp., $27.50, paper; $79.00, cloth.

The decade from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s has seen a flowering of systematic surveys of journalists around the world, as journalists have come to play more prominent roles in both newer and older political systems, especially those in transition from authoritarian to more democratic. Many of these studies have been modeled on the three major surveys of U.S. journalists conducted in 1971, 1982­83, and 1992. This book presents the results of such surveys from twenty-one different countries and territories. It takes a global perspective on the demographics, education, socialization, professionalization, and working conditions of journalists. Weaver is Roy W. Howard Professor of Journalism at IUB.

Weitzman, Steven. Song and Story in Biblical Narrative: The History of a Literary Convention in Ancient Israel. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1997, 209 pp., $29.95, cloth.

According to rabbinic tradition, if ancient King Hezekiah had only sung a song to God when he was rescued by a miracle, the Messiah would have appeared at that very moment and the course of history would have changed. Early Jews imagined that other biblical patriarchs, matriarchs, kings, and even animals sang thousands of songs to God in thanks for miracles. This study of the interaction of song and story in biblical narrative explains why songs were so central to the way biblical authors represented their past and the way postbiblical Jews remembered that past. Journeying from ancient Egyptian battle accounts to Aramaic wisdom texts to early retellings of biblical tales in the Dead Sea Scrolls, Jewish-Hellenistic literature, and rabbinic Midrash, the author follows the history of the use of song in biblical narrative from its origins as a congeries of different literary behaviors to its emergence as a self-conscious literary convention. Weitzman is an assistant professor of religious studies at IUB.

Winston, Wayne L., and S. Christian Albright. Practical Management Science: Spreadsheet Modeling and Applications. Belmont, California: Duxbury Press, 1997, 796 pp., $74.95, cloth.

Spreadsheet modeling and management science provide students with the ability to quantify complex problems and illustrate optimum business decisions. This book teaches by example how to formulate and solve real problems from finance, marketing, and operations with a spreadsheet. The authors focus on problem-solving skills, an interdisciplinary approach, a "what-if" analysis, and spreadsheet skills. Winston is a professor of decision sciences. Albright is a professor of decision systems. Both are at IUB.

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