Indiana University Research & Creative Activity

The Art and Science of Medicine

Volume XXVI Number 1
Fall 2003

<< Table of Contents


IUB—Indiana University Bloomington
IUPUI—Indiana University—Purdue University Indianapolis
IUE—Indiana University East
IPFW—Indiana University—Purdue University Fort Wayne
IUK—Indiana University Kokomo
IUN—Indiana University Northwest
IUSB—Indiana University South Bend
IUS—Indiana University Southeast

Extracts

Black, William R., and Peter Nijkamp, eds. Social Change and Sustainable Transport. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002, 320 pp., cloth.

Air pollution, gridlock, crashes--the transport systems of the world's major cities don't even approach sustainability. The need for reform is clear, but as this volume's editors note, "solutions will succeed or fail on the basis of social response." In this collection, international scholars take up the social dimensions of transport sustainability. Topics include the consequences of sustainable transport, automobile dependency and excessive use of cars, freight flows, societal preoccupation with speed, and the use of "intelligent transport."

Black is professor of geography and public and environmental affairs at IUB.

Blue-Collar Hollywood

Bodnar, John. Blue-Collar Hollywood: Liberalism, Democracy, and Working People in American Film. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003, 318 pp., cloth.

Linking political history with the history of mass culture, this book zooms in on Hollywood's representation of working-class men and women since the 1930s. Bodnar argues that amid the conventional story of labor's rise and fall, Hollywood films told another tale: Complex cinematic representations of common Americans--Robert Young as Joe Smith, Marlon Brando as Stanley Kowalski, Sally Field as Norma Rae--carried forward powerful ideals of liberalism and individual rights, challenging mainstream political movements and traditions.

Bodnar is Chancellor's Professor of history at IUB.

Bohidar, Himadri, Paul Dubin, and Yoshihito Osada, eds. Polymer Gels: Fundamentals and Applications. ACS Symposium Series 833. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society, 2003, 364 pp., cloth.

Derived from an ACS symposium held in 2000, this volume investigates the properties, structure, and applications of polymer gels. Gels are a novel state of matter, both solid and liquid-like at the same time, and have wide-ranging applications from disposable diapers to biomedicine. The volume concludes with a timely look at the biomedical applications, including the use of gels as drug delivery systems.

Dubin is professor of chemistry at IUPUI.

Brooks, George E. Eurafricans in Western Africa: Commerce, Social Status, Gender, and Religious Observance from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2003, 392 pp., paper.

Brooks describes and analyzes the sparsely documented lives of Eurafricans, a generic term for Luso (or Portuguese)-African, Franco-African, and Anglo-African peoples dispersed from Senegal to Sierra Leone. His study begins in the 1500s, when Portuguese voyagers began to trade West African commodities such as gold, salt, pepper, kola, and slaves. He concludes with the 1790s, as Luso-Africans were supplanted by Franco- and Anglo-Africans attracted by the slave trade, and the onset of the French Revolution brought extensive changes to the region.

Brooks is professor of history at IUB.

Chaouli, Michel. The Laboratory of Poetry: Chemistry and Poetics in the Work of Friedrich Schlegel. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002, 290 pp., cloth.

A surprising intersection of chemical concepts and poetic theory led the famous theorist Friedrich Schlegel to transform romanticism at the end of the 18th century, according to Chaouli. "The idiosyncrasy of Schlegel's metaphors," Chaouli writes, "as well as their import for the history and theory of literature, becomes evident only when we recognize that they are neither random nor isolated but rather part of an extended narrative--an allegory--motivated by the complex scientific context from which they are borrowed."

Chaouli is assistant professor of Germanic studies at IUB.

Friedman, Lawrence J., and Mark D. McGarvie, eds. Charity, Philanthropy, and Civility in American History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003, 480 pp., cloth.

Professional historians contributing to this volume address dominant issues and theories in the history of American philanthropy. Proceeding chronologically and thematically, the collection's overarching premise is that American philanthropic activity has its roots in the desires of individuals to impose their visions of societal ideals or conceptions of truth upon society. The essays cover a broad range of American locales, taking into account gender and religious and ethnic identities.

Friedman is professor of history at IUB.

Harper, Denver, Chris Walls, and Deborah DeChurch. Coal Mining History of the United States, with emphasis on Indiana. Bloomington: Indiana Geological Survey, 2003, CD.

The history of coal mining in the United States can be navigated on this CD, which is divided into 28 sections, each covering four topics--markets, technology, labor, and law. The sections span seven periods based on changes in coal-production trends between 1880 and 1974.

At the Indiana Geological Survey, Harper is a geologist and GIS analyst; Walls is a geographer and GIS specialist, and DeChurch is editor.

Weeds in My Garden

Heiser, Charles B. Weeds in My Garden: Observations on Some Misunderstood Plants. Portland, Ore.: Timber Press, 2003, 260 pp., cloth.

Heiser's "garden" is the Botany Experimental Field at Indiana University, where he has grown plants for more than half a century. In this natural history of weeds, Heiser arranges some 140 weeds by family, with attention to the plant's name, time and place of flowering, and description. He also reflects on the medicinal, culinary, and ornamental uses of weeds. To Heiser, even crabgrass, poison ivy, and cockleburs have their virtues--the latter, for instance, inspired the invention of Velcro hook-and-loop fasteners.

Heiser is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of botany at IUB.

Isiorho, Solomon. Kuwait. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, 2002, 117 pp., cloth.

In this volume for younger readers, Isiorho introduces the nation of Kuwait and considers its history, religion, culture, government, economy, and future. More than 30 color photos illustrate the text.

Isiorho is associate professor of geosciences at IPFW.

Johnston, Bill. Values in English Language Teaching. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2003, 172 pp., cloth.

"All aspects of language teaching are imbued with values and moral meaning," writes Johnston in this analysis of the moral dimensions involved in teaching English as a second or foreign language. Johnston examines complex dilemmas that arise in classroom interaction, critical pedagogy, testing and assessment, and the teacher-student relationship, which he calls "the core of the moral life of the ELT classroom." Acknowledging that moral decisions are personal and context-specific, Johnston delineates several foundations for handling moral situations in the classroom. Examples are taken from real-life teaching situations around the world.

Johnston is assistant professor of applied linguistics and director of the Polish Studies Center at IUB.

Transforming Music Education

Jorgensen, Estelle R. Transforming Music Education. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2003, 208 pp., paper.

What should music education be about? In these essays, Jorgensen argues that music education must undergo a radical and fundamental transformation. Present-day music education, she says, is beset by dehumanizing and oppressive societal forces and dominated by a gendered paradigm that values traditional and technocratic approaches. Jorgensen advocates a dialectic and holistic approach, individually and institutionally, drawing on reason, intuition, imagination, and feeling.

Jorgensen is professor of music at IUB.

Larsen, Steve. Microbiology: Study Guide. Indianapolis: The College Network, 2002, 576 pp.

Intended for students in nursing and other fields, this distance-learning study guide includes topics such as the basic chemistry for life; fundamentals of virology; growth and nutrition of microbes; genetics; control of infectious agents; antimicrobial defenses; pathogenic bacteria and fungi; parasites; and viruses. Short-answer study questions and a multiple-choice practice exam are also included.

Larsen is associate professor of microbiology and immunology at the IU School of Medicine.

Levesque, Roger. Not by Faith Alone: Religion, Law, and Adolescence. New York University Press, 2002, 240 pp., cloth.

According to Levesque, adolescents have strikingly high levels of religious beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors (some 97 percent of American teens believe in God or a universal spirit, for instance), but the law regularly bumbles when it comes to adolescents' religious rights and needs. Levesque examines research on the role of religion in adolescent development and discusses the relevance of that research for developing policies and legal reforms regarding the regulation of religion in teenagers' lives.

Levesque is professor of criminal justice at IUB.

Miyamoto, Richard T., and Steven B. Chin, eds. Speech and Language Benefits of Cochlear Implantation. The Volta Review, vol. 102, no. 4. Washington, D.C.: Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, 2002, 347 pp., paper.

This collection of research reports represents studies conducted by the DeVault Otologic Research Laboratory at the IU School of Medicine. Topics include speech perception, speech production, language, and working memory in pediatric subjects.

At the IU School of Medicine, Miyamoto is Arilla Spence DeVault Professor, chair of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, and medical director of audiology and speech language pathology. Chin is assistant scientist in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery.

Priest, Douglas, William E. Becker, Don Hossler, and Edward P. St. John, eds. Incentive-Based Budgeting Systems in Public Universities. Cheltenham, U.K. and Northampton, Mass.: Edward Elgar, 2002, 245 pp., cloth.

"When new budgeting systems are implemented, the process becomes a case study in organizational change," the co-editors of this volume write, "because a new budgeting system lays bare the realities of the campus on which the change is being implemented." With chapters on budgeting theory, economics, finance, the impact of incentive budgeting systems on faculty and departments, and case studies at IUB, University of Toronto, and University of Michigan, this book investigates the use of incentive-based budgeting systems at public universities and the change--not always welcome or successful--that occurs when a new initiative is undertaken.

At IUB, Priest is associate professor of education and associate vice chancellor, budgetary administration and planning; Becker is professor of economics; Hossler is vice chancellor for enrollment services and professor of education; and St. John is professor of education and a researcher at the Indiana Education Policy Center.

Environmental Justice in America

Rhodes, Edwardo Lao. Environmental Justice in America: A New Paradigm. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2003, 263 pp., cloth.

Although long ignored, the consequences of unequal environmental decision-making merit at least as much attention as water pollution and global warming, says Rhodes. Even well-intended environmental laws can have unintended effects on minority and underrepresented groups. In this book, Rhodes defines the nature and extent of environmental injustice issues, considers the role of government in confronting those issues, follows a case study of a hazardous-waste facility located in an area with a poor, minority population, and offers recommendations to make sharing the burden of risk a fundamental part of environmental policy.

Rhodes is professor of public and environmental affairs at IUB.

Schneider, William H., ed. Rockefeller Philanthropy and Modern Medicine: International Initiatives from World War I to the Cold War. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002, 264 pp., cloth.

In eight case studies, contributors to this volume offer a comparative view of the development of biomedicine outside the United States in the first half of the 20th century, with a focus on the influence of the Rockefeller Foundation. The cases reveal a new understanding of how local cultural and political influences often reshaped the foundation's philanthropic plans and programs.

Schneider is associate dean of research and graduate studies and professor of history at IUPUI.

Smullyan, Raymond M. Who Knows? A Study of Religious Consciousness. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2003, 142 pp., paper.

In this work in three parts, philosopher Smullyan tackles questions no less searching than these: Is there really a God? Is there any evidence for or against an afterlife, and is there such a thing as Hell? Are we evolving into beings with a higher type of consciousness that may enable us to perceive what we have believed on faith? Part I offers commentary on theological chapters from Martin Gardner's work, The Whys of a Philosophical Scrivener. Part II, Smullyan writes, "is exclusively on the doctrine of Hell, in which I consider the strongest arguments for and against that I know and conclude that the idea is logically consistent and hopefully false." The final part concerns "Cosmic Consciousness--a sublime subject that deserves to be far better known than it apparently is these days."

Smullyan is Oscar R. Ewing Professor Emeritus of philosophy. He lives in New York state.

St. John, Edward, Siria Ann Loescher, and Jeffrey S. Bardzell. Improving Reading and Literacy in Grades 1¡5: A Resource Guide to Research-Based Programs. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Corwin Press, Inc., 2003, 186 pp., paper.

Changes in state and federal education policy have led to increased emphasis on early reading. While some teachers may see this emphasis as an intrusion, the co-authors of this guide point to a broad consensus that early reading is critical to children's school success. The guide reviews numerous educational reform models, analyzing each program's features, tools, and methods. The co-authors offer information that teachers can use to study their own practices as well as to collaborate with others to improve the early reading and literacy environment.

St. John is professor of education at IUB and faculty researcher at the Indiana Education Policy Center.

Tarkington, Booth. Alice Adams. Illus. Arthur William Brown. With an introduction by Donald Gray. The Library of Indiana Classics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2003, 434 pp., paper.

The prolific and popular writer Booth Tarkington produced 39 volumes of fiction, among them Alice Adams, a tale of the ambitious Alice and her middle-class family striving to rise up the social ladder, which won the Pulitzer Prize in 1921. Using materials from Tarkington's papers at the Princeton Library, Gray's introduction situates the novel among Tarkington's other works and reflects on varying ways the novel may be read. Tarkington's Penrod and Sam (Library of Indiana Classics, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2003), about the adventures of a 10-year-old boy in turn-of-the-century Indiana, has also been republished with an introduction by David Nordloh.

Gray is professor emeritus of English at IUB. Nordloh is professor of English at IUB.

Herron Chronicle

Warkel, Harriet G., Martin F. Krause, and S.L. Berry. The Herron Chronicle. With an appendix by Jennifer L. Hehman. Indianapolis: Herron School of Art at IUPUI, in association with Indiana University Press, 2003, 304 pp., cloth.

Marking the Herron School of Art's 100th year, this heavily illustrated art book documents the school's history from its earliest beginnings in 1883 to its current status, with nationally and internationally ranked programs and the new Sidney and Lois Eskenazi Hall set to open in 2004. The volume, compiled from archives, unpublished manuscripts, and personal recollections, is illustrated with more than 100 historic photographs and rediscovered paintings in black-and-white and color.

Warkel is associate curator at the Indianapolis Museum of Art and a Herron graduate; Krause, a former adjunct professor at Herron, is curator of prints, drawings and photographs at the IMA, and Hehman, former librarian at Herron, is currently associate librarian at the IUPUI University Library.

Jelly Roll

Young, Kevin. Jelly Roll: A Blues. New York: Alfred Knopf Inc., 2003, 208 pp., cloth.

Called "tender, sassy, and just plain cool" by reviewers, this poetry collection, Young's third, draws its inspiration from classic blues. With titles such as "Stride Piano," "Gutbucket," and "Can-Can," the poems chronicle the trajectory of doomed love from adoration to anger to acceptance. Young's poetry and essays have appeared in The New Yorker, The Paris Review, The Kenyon Review, and Callaloo and have been featured on National Public Radio's All Things Considered. His first book, Most Way Home, was selected for the National Poetry Series and won the Zacharis First Book Award from Ploughshares. His second book of poems, To Repel Ghosts, was a finalist for the James Laughlin Prize from the Academy of American Poets.

Young is Ruth Lilly Professor of poetry at IUB.

By Kevin Young:

Chorale

Quite difficult, belief.

Quite terrible, faith

that the night, again,
will nominate

you a running mate¡
that we are of the elect

& have not yet
found out. That the tide

still might toss us up
another--what eyes

& stars, what teeth!
such arms, alive--

someone we will, all
night, keep. Not

just these spiders that skitter & cobweb,

share my shivering bed.

Requiem

Your name is harm.
The bar fills

& empties eddies
like a drink & is not

the answer. Ain't--
I'm all kinds

of lost, watered,
down. The shot

glass like
a microscope strong

I should be a natn'l
day of mourning

one week minus
mail. Entire month

of Sunday--a sabbath
swaying

mouthing hymns--
Where, pray

tell, went the words?
Rider, you are a whole

church-worth of hurt--