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Chimpanzee Reading List

Books (for general interest readers)

de Waal, F.B.M. 1982.  Chimpanzee Politics. New York: Harper and Row.

Fouts, R. 1997.  Next of Kin: What Chimpanzees Have Taught Me about Who We Are.  New York: William Morrow.

Goodall, J.    1971.  In the Shadow of Man.  Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1971

Goodall, J.    1990.  Through a Window : my thirty years with the chimpanzees of Gombe.  Boston : Houghton Mifflin.

McGrew, W. C.  2004,  The Cultured Chimpanzee : Reflections on Cultural Primatology.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Peterson, D.  2003.  Chimpanzee Travels: On and Off the Road in Africa.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Temerlin, M. K.  1975.  Lucy: Growing up Human, a Chimpanzee Daughter in a Psychotherapist's Family.  New York: Bantam.

Wrangham, R.W. and D. Peterson.  1997.  Demonic Males : Apes and the Origins of Violence.  London: Bloomsbury.

 

Books (for specialists)

Berdecio, S and L. Nash.  1981.  Chimpanzee Visual Vommunication: Facial, Gestural, and Postural Expressive Movement in Ioung, Captive Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes).  Tempe: Arizona State University Press.

Boesch C and H. Boesch-Achermann.  2000  The Chimpanzees of the Tai Forest:  Behavioural Ecology and Evolution.  New York: Oxford Univ Press.

Boesch, C., G. Hohmann and L. Marchant (eds.) 1991.  Chimpanzee Behavioral Diversity . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Fitzgerald, H.E., J.A. Mullins, and P. Gage (eds.)  1982.  Studies of Development in Nonhuman Primates.  New York: Plenum Press.

Gardner RA; Gardner BT and Van Cantfort, T.E. (eds.)  1989.  Teaching Sign Language to Chimpanzees. Albany : State University of New York Press.

Ghiglieri, M.P.  1988.  East of the Mountains of the Moon:  Chimpanzee Society in the African Rain Forest.  New York: Free Press.

Goodall, J.  1986.  The Chimpanzees of Gombe:  Patterns of Behavior.  Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press.

Goodall, J.  van Lawick.  1968b.  The behavior of free-living chimpanzees in the Gombe Stream Reserve. Anim. Beh. Monogr. 1(3):165-311.

Hamburg, D. A. and McCown, E. R.  (eds.)  1979.  The Great Apes.  Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings.

Heltne, P.G. and L.A. Marquardt (eds.) 1989.  Understanding Chimpanzees.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Hill, K. Boesch, C., Pusey A., Goodall, J., Williams J., and Wrangham R.  2000.  Chimpanzee Mortality in the Wild.  University of New Mexico. 

Kojima, S.  2003.  A search for the origins of human speech : auditory and vocal functions of the chimpanzee.  Kyoto: Kyoto University Press.

Ladygina-Kots, N. N.  1935, 2002.  Infant Chimpanzee and Human Child.  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Matsuzawa, T., M. Tomonaga, and M. Tanaka.  2006.  Cognitive Development in Chimpanzees.  New York: Springer.

McGrew, W. C. 1992.  Chimpanzee Material Culture: Implications for Human Evolution.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Plooij, F. X. with D. Bygott.  1984  The Behavioral Development of Free-living Chimpanzee Babies and Infants. Norwood, N.J: Ablex Pub. Corp.

Reynolds, V. 1967.  The Apes.  London: Cassell.

Reynolds, V.F. 1965.  Budongo: A Forest and Its Chimpanzees.  London: Methuen.

Stanford, C. B. 1998.  Chimpanzee and Red Colobus: The Ecology of Predator and Prey.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Huffman, M.A. and C.A. Chapman (eds.)  2009.  Primate Parasite Ecology : The Dynamics and Study of Host-Parasite Relationships.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Swindler, D. R. and C. D. Wood.  1973  An Atlas of Primate Gross Anatomy: Baboon.  Chimpanzee, and Man. Malabar: Krieger Pub. Co.

Lonsdorf, E., S.R. Ross and T Matsuzawa.  2010.  The Mind of the Chimpanzee:  Ecological and Experimental Perspectives.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Boesch, C. 2009.  The Real Chimpanzee:  Sex Strategies in the Forest.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Terrace, H.S. and J. Metcalfe (eds.)  2005.  The missing link in cognition origins of self-reflective consciousness.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Wrangham, R.W., W.C. McGrew, F.B. de Waal, and P.G. Heltne (eds.) 1994.  Chimpanzee Cultures, pp. 59-75.  Harvard University Press, Cambridge. 

Wrangham, R.W. and E. Ross.  2008.  Science and Conservation in African forests: The Benefits of Long-term Research.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

Anatomy (Dental, Muscular, Skeletal), Morphology, Locomotion and Posture, Growth

Bramble, D. M. and D. E. Lieberman (2004). "Endurance running and the evolution of Homo." Nature 432(7015): 345-352.

Caceres, M., J. Lachuer, et al. (2003). "Elevated gene expression levels distinguish human from non-human primate brains." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(22): 13030-13035.

Dean, M. C. and B. A. Wood (1981). "DEVELOPING PONGID DENTITION AND ITS USE FOR AGING INDIVIDUAL CRANIA IN COMPARATIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL GROWTH-STUDIES." Folia Primatologica 36(1-2): 111-127.

Demes, B., S. G. Larson, et al. (1994). "THE KINETICS OF PRIMATE QUADRUPEDALISM - HINDLIMB DRIVE RECONSIDERED." Journal of Human Evolution 26(5-6): 353-374.

Hunt, K. D. (1991). "MECHANICAL IMPLICATIONS OF CHIMPANZEE POSITIONAL BEHAVIOR." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 86(4): 521-536.

Hunt, K. D. (1991). "POSITIONAL BEHAVIOR IN THE HOMINOIDEA." International Journal of Primatology 12(2): 95-118.

Hunt, K. D. (1994). "THE EVOLUTION OF HUMAN BIPEDALITY - ECOLOGY AND FUNCTIONAL-MORPHOLOGY." Journal of Human Evolution 26(3): 183-202.

Jungers, W. L. and R. L. Susman (1984). Body size and skeletal allometry in African apes.

Shea, B. T. (1983). "ALLOMETRY AND HETEROCHRONY IN THE AFRICAN APES." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 62(3): 275-289.

Susman, R. L. (1979). "COMPARATIVE AND FUNCTIONAL-MORPHOLOGY OF HOMINOID FINGERS." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 50(2): 215-236.

Taylor, C. R. and V. J. Rowntree (1973). "RUNNING ON 2 OR ON 4 LEGS - WHICH CONSUMES MORE ENERGY." Science 179(4069): 186-187.

Taylor, C. R., and V. J. Rowntree, et al. (1972). "RUNNING UP AND DOWN HILLS - SOME CONSEQUENCES OF SIZE." Science 178(4065): 1096-&.

Teaford, M. F. and A. Walker (1984). "QUANTITATIVE DIFFERENCES IN DENTAL MICROWEAR BETWEEN PRIMATE SPECIES WITH DIFFERENT DIETS AND A COMMENT ON THE PRESUMED DIET OF SIVAPITHECUS." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 64(2): 191-200.

 

Cognition, Intelligence, Language, Laterality and Neuroanatomy

Arbib, M. A. (2005). "From monkey-like action recognition to human language: An evolutionary framework for neurolinguistics." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28(2): 105-+.

Barth, H., N. Kanwisher, et al. (2003). "The construction of large number representations in adults." Cognition 86(3): 201-221.

Boesch, C. and H. Boesch (1984). "MENTAL MAP IN WILD CHIMPANZEES PAN-TROGLODYTES-VERUS AN ANALYSIS OF HAMMER TRANSPORTS FOR NUT CRACKING." Primates 25(2): 160-170.

Boysen, S. T. and G. G. Berntson (1989). "NUMERICAL COMPETENCE IN A CHIMPANZEE (PAN-TROGLODYTES)." Journal of Comparative Psychology 103(1): 23-31.

Boysen, S. T. and G. G. Berntson (1995). "RESPONSES TO QUANTITY - PERCEPTUAL VERSUS COGNITIVE MECHANISMS IN CHIMPANZEES (PAN-TROGLODYTES)." Journal of Experimental Psychology-Animal Behavior Processes 21(1): 82-86.

Brannon, E. M. and H. S. Terrace (1998). "Ordering of the numerosities 1 to 9 by monkeys." Science 282(5389): 746-749.

Brosnan, S. F. and F. B. M. de Waal (2003). "Monkeys reject unequal pay." Nature 425(6955): 297-299.

Byrne, R. W. and A. E. Russon (1998). "Learning by imitation: A hierarchical approach." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21(5): 667-+.

Call, J. and M. Tomasello (1994). "PRODUCTION AND COMPREHENSION OF REFERENTIAL POINTING BY ORANGUTANS (PONGO-PYGMAEUS)." Journal of Comparative Psychology 108(4): 307-317.

Call, J. and M. Tomasello (1999). "A nonverbal false belief task: The performance of children and great apes." Child Development 70(2): 381-395.

Cantalupo, C. and W. D. Hopkins (2001). "Asymmetric Broca's area in great apes - A region of the ape brain is uncannily similar to one linked with speech in humans." Nature 414(6863): 505-505.

Caro, T. M. and M. D. Hauser (1992). "IS THERE TEACHING IN NONHUMAN ANIMALS." Quarterly Review of Biology 67(2): 151-174.

Clayton, N. S., T. J. Bussey, et al. (2003). "Can animals recall the past and plan for the future?" Nature Reviews Neuroscience 4(8): 685-691.

Corballis, M. C. (2003). "From mouth to hand: Gesture, speech, and the evolution of right-handedness." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26(2): 199-+.

Dehaene, S. and J. P. Changeux (1993). "DEVELOPMENT OF ELEMENTARY NUMERICAL ABILITIES - A NEURONAL MODEL." Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 5(4): 390-407.

Dehaene, S., G. Dehaene-Lambertz, et al. (1998). "Abstract representations of numbers in the animal and human brain." Trends in Neurosciences 21(8): 355-361.

Emery, N. J. (2000). "The eyes have it: the neuroethology, function and evolution of social gaze." Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 24(6): 581-604.

Emery, N. J. and N. S. Clayton (2004). "The mentality of crows: Convergent evolution of intelligence in corvids and apes." Science 306(5703): 1903-1907.

Fagot, J. and J. Vauclair (1991). "MANUAL LATERALITY IN NONHUMAN-PRIMATES - A DISTINCTION BETWEEN HANDEDNESS AND MANUAL SPECIALIZATION." Psychological Bulletin 109(1): 76-89.

Finch, G. (1941). "CHIMPANZEE HANDEDNESS." Science (New York, N.Y.) 94(2431): 117-118.

Fitch, W. T. (2000). "The evolution of speech: a comparative review." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4(7): 258-267.

Fuster, J. M. (2002). "Frontal lobe and cognitive development." Journal of Neurocytology 31(3-5): 373-385.

Gannon, P. J., R. L. Holloway, et al. (1998). "Asymmetry of chimpanzee planum temporale: Humanlike pattern of Wernicke's brain language area homolog." Science 279(5348): 220-222.

Gardner, R. A. and B. T. Gardner (1969). "TEACHING SIGN LANGUAGE TO A CHIMPANZEE." Science 165(3894): 664-&.

Gillan, D. J. (1981). "REASONING IN THE CHIMPANZEE .2. TRANSITIVE INFERENCE." Journal of Experimental Psychology-Animal Behavior Processes 7(2): 150-164.

Gintis, H., S. Bowles, et al. (2003). "Explaining altruistic behavior in humans." Evolution and Human Behavior 24(3): 153-172.

Hare, B., J. Call, et al. (2000). "Chimpanzees know what conspecifics do and do not see." Animal Behaviour 59: 771-785.

Hare, B., J. Call, et al. (2001). "Do chimpanzees know what conspecifics know?" Animal Behaviour 61: 139-151.

Hayes, K. J. and C. Hayes (1952). "Imitation in a home-raised chimpanzee." Journal of comparative and physiological psychology 45(5): 450-459.

Hemelrijk, C. K. (1990). "MODELS OF, AND TESTS FOR, RECIPROCITY, UNIDIRECTIONALITY AND OTHER SOCIAL-INTERACTION PATTERNS AT A GROUP LEVEL." Animal Behaviour 39: 1013-1029.

Herrmann, E., J. Call, et al. (2007). "Humans have evolved specialized skills of social cognition: The cultural intelligence hypothesis." Science 317(5843): 1360-1366.

Heyes, C. (2001). "Causes and consequences of imitation." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5(6): 253-261.

Heyes, C. M. (1998). "Theory of mind in nonhuman primates." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21(1): 101-+.

Horner, V. and A. Whiten (2005). "Causal knowledge and imitation/emulation switching in chimpanzees (Pan trogiodytes) and children (Homo sapiens)." Animal Cognition 8(3): 164-181.

Kaplan, H., K. Hill, et al. (2000). "A theory of human life history evolution: Diet, intelligence, and longevity." Evolutionary Anthropology 9(4): 156-185.

Kawai, N. and T. Matsuzawa (2000). "Cognition - Numerical memory span in a chimpanzee." Nature 403(6765): 39-40.

Keenan, J. P., M. A. Wheeler, et al. (2000). "Self-recognition and the right prefrontal cortex." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4(9): 338-344.

Kuypers, H. (1958). "SOME PROJECTIONS FROM THE PERI-CENTRAL CORTEX TO THE PONS AND LOWER BRAIN STEM IN MONKEY AND CHIMPANZEE." Journal of Comparative Neurology 110(2): 221-255.

Langton, S. R. H., R. J. Watt, et al. (2000). "Do the eyes have it? Cues to the direction of social attention." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4(2): 50-59.

Lemay, M. and N. Geschwind (1975). "HEMISPHERIC DIFFERENCES IN BRAINS OF GREAT APES." Brain Behavior and Evolution 11(1): 48-52.

Liebermam, P, D. H. Klatt, et al. (1972). "PHONETIC ABILITY AND RELATED ANATOMY OF NEWBORN AND ADULT HUMAN, NEANDERTHAL MAN, AND CHIMPANZEE." American Anthropologist 74(3): 287-&.

Marchant, L. F. and W. C. McGrew (1991). "LATERALITY OF FUNCTION IN APES - A METAANALYSIS OF METHODS." Journal of Human Evolution 21(6): 425-438.

Marchant, L. F. and W. C. McGrew (1996). "Laterality of limb function in wild chimpanzees of Gombe National Park: Comprehensive study of spontaneous activities." Journal of Human Evolution 30(5): 427-443.

Marchant, L. F., W. C. McGrew, et al. (1995). "IS HUMAN HANDEDNESS UNIVERSAL - ETHOLOGICAL ANALYSES FROM 3 TRADITIONAL CULTURES." Ethology 101(3): 239-258.

Matsuzawa, T. (1985). "COLOR NAMING AND CLASSIFICATION IN A CHIMPANZEE (PAN-TROGLODYTES)." Journal of Human Evolution 14(3): 283-291.

Matsuzawa, T. (1985). "USE OF NUMBERS BY A CHIMPANZEE." Nature 315(6014): 57-59.

Matsuzawa, T. (1994). Field experiments on use of stone tools by chimpanzees in the wild.

McGrew, W. C. and L. F. Marchant (1997). "On the other hand: Current issues in and meta-analysis of the behavioral laterality of hand function in nonhuman primates." Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, Vol 40 - 1997 40: 201-232.

McGrew, W. C. and L. F. Marchant (1999). "Laterality of hand use pays off in foraging success for wild chimpanzees." Primates 40(3): 509-513.

McGrew, W. C., C. E. G. Tutin, et al. (1979). "CHIMPANZEES, TOOLS, AND TERMITES - CROSS-CULTURAL COMPARISONS OF SENEGAL, TANZANIA, AND RIO-MUNI." Man 14(2): 185-214.

McGrew, W. C. and L. F. Marchant (1992). "CHIMPANZEES, TOOLS, AND TERMITES - HAND PREFERENCE OR HANDEDNESS." Current Anthropology 33(1): 114-119.

Menzel, E. W. (1973). "CHIMPANZEE SPATIAL MEMORY ORGANIZATION." Science 182(4115): 943-945.

Myowa-Yamakoshi, M. and T. Matsuzawa (1999). "Factors influencing imitation of manipulatory actions in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)." Journal of Comparative Psychology 113(2): 128-136.

Mitani, J. C., T. Hasegawa, et al. (1992). "DIALECTS IN WILD CHIMPANZEES." American Journal of Primatology 27(4): 233-243.

Povinelli, D. J. and J. Vonk (2003). "Chimpanzee minds: suspiciously human?" Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7(4): 157-160.

Povinelli, D. J. and T. J. Eddy (1996). "Chimpanzees: Joint visual attention." Psychological Science 7(3): 129-135.

Povinelli, D. J., S. T. Boysen, et al. (1990). "INFERENCES ABOUT GUESSING AND KNOWING BY CHIMPANZEES (PAN-TROGLODYTES)." Journal of Comparative Psychology 104(3): 203-210.

Premack, D. (1971). "LANGUAGE IN CHIMPANZEE." Science 172(3985): 808-&.

Premack, D. and G. Woodruff (1978). "DOES THE CHIMPANZEE HAVE A THEORY OF MIND." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1(4): 515-526.

Preston, S. D. and F. B. M. de Waal (2002). "Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25(1): 1-+.

Riesen, A. H. (1947). "The Development of Visual Perception in Man and Chimpanzee." Science (New York, N.Y.) 106(2744): 107-108.

Savage-Rumbaugh, S., K. McDonald, et al. (1986). "SPONTANEOUS SYMBOL ACQUISITION AND COMMUNICATIVE USE BY PYGMY CHIMPANZEES (PAN-PANISCUS)." Journal of Experimental Psychology-General 115(3): 211-235.

Semendeferi, K., A. Lu, et al. (2002). "Humans and great apes share a large frontal cortex." Nature Neuroscience 5(3): 272-276.

Semendeferi, K., E. Armstrong, et al. (2001). "Prefrontal cortex in humans and apes: A comparative study of area 10." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 114(3): 224-241.

Seyfarth, R. M. and D. L. Cheney (2003). "Signalers and receivers in animal communication." Annual Review of Psychology 54: 145-173.

Soproni, K., A. Miklosi, et al. (2001). "Comprehension of human communicative signs in pet dogs (Canis familiaris)." Journal of Comparative Psychology 115(2): 122-126.

Sugiyama, Y., T. Fushimi, et al. (1993). "HAND PREFERENCE AND TOOL USE IN WILD CHIMPANZEES." Primates 34(2): 151-159.

Suarez, S. D. and G. G. Gallup (1981). "SELF-RECOGNITION IN CHIMPANZEES AND ORANGUTANS, BUT NOT GORILLAS." Journal of Human Evolution 10(2): 175-188.

Suddendorf, T. and M. C. Corballis (2007). "The evolution of foresight: What is mental time travel, and is it unique to humans?" Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30(3): 299-+.

Terrace, H. S., L. A. Petitto, et al. (1979). "CAN AN APE CREATE A SENTENCE." Science 206(4421): 891-902.

Tomasello, M. and K. Haberl (2003). "Understanding attention: 12-and 18-month-olds know what is new for other persons." Developmental Psychology 39(5): 906-912.

            Tomasello, M., A. C. Kruger, et al. (1993). "CULTURAL LEARNING." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16(3): 495-511.

Tomasello, M., B. Hare, et al. (1999). "Chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes, follow gaze direction geometrically." Animal Behaviour 58: 769-777.

Tomasello, M., J. Call, et al. (1998). "Five primate species follow the visual gaze of conspecifics." Animal Behaviour 55: 1063-1069.

Tomasello, M., J. Call, et al. (2003). "Chimpanzees understand psychological states - the question is which ones and to what extent." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7(4): 153-156.

Tomasello, M., M. Carpenter, et al. (2005). "Understanding and sharing intentions: The origins of cultural cognition." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28(5): 675-+.

Tomasello, M., S. Savage-Rumbaugh, et al. (1993). "IMITATIVE LEARNING OF ACTIONS ON OBJECTS BY CHILDREN, CHIMPANZEES, AND ENCULTURATED CHIMPANZEES." Child Development 64(6): 1688-1705.

Vallortigara, G. and L. J. Rogers (2005). "Survival with an asymmetrical brain: Advantages and disadvantages of cerebral lateralization." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28(4): 575-+.

Warneken, F. and M. Tomasello (2006). "Altruistic helping in human infants and young chimpanzees." Science 311(5765): 1301-1303.

Whiten, A. (1992). "ON THE NATURE AND EVOLUTION OF IMITATION IN THE ANIMAL KINGDOM - REAPPRAISAL OF A CENTURY OF RESEARCH." Advances in the Study of Behavior 21: 239-283.

Whiten, A. (1998). "Imitation of the sequential structure of actions by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)." Journal of Comparative Psychology 112(3): 270-281.

Whiten, A., D. M. Custance, et al. (1996). "Imitative learning of artificial fruit processing in children (Homo sapiens) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)." Journal of Comparative Psychology 110(1): 3-14.

Wilson, M. L., M. D. Hauser, et al. (2001). "Does participation in intergroup conflict depend on numerical assessment, range location, or rank for wild chimpanzees?" Animal Behaviour 61: 1203-1216.

Woodruff, G. and D. Premack (1979). "INTENTIONAL COMMUNICATION IN THE CHIMPANZEE - DEVELOPMENT OF DECEPTION." Cognition 7(4): 333-362.

Yenikomshian, G. H. and D. A. Benson (1976). "ANATOMICAL STUDY OF CEREBRAL ASYMMETRY IN TEMPORAL-LOBE OF HUMANS, CHIMPANZEES, AND RHESUS-MONKEYS." Science 192(4237): 387-389.

 

Culture, Tools and Tool Use

Biro, D., N. Inoue-Nakamura, et al. (2003). "Cultural innovation and transmission of tool use in wild chimpanzees: evidence from field experiments." Animal Cognition 6(4): 213-223.

Boesch, C. (1991). "TEACHING AMONG WILD CHIMPANZEES." Animal Behaviour 41: 530-532.

Boesch, C. and H. Boesch (1990). "TOOL USE AND TOOL MAKING IN WILD CHIMPANZEES." Folia Primatologica 54(1-2): 86-99.

Boesch, C. and M. Tomasello (1998). "Chimpanzee and human cultures." Current Anthropology 39(5): 591-614.

Goodall, J. (1964). "TOOL-USING + AIMED THROWING IN COMMUNITY OF FREE-LIVING CHIMPANZEES." Nature 201(492): 1264-&.

Greenfield, P. M. (1991). "LANGUAGE, TOOLS, AND BRAIN - THE ONTOGENY AND PHYLOGENY OF HIERARCHICALLY ORGANIZED SEQUENTIAL BEHAVIOR." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14(4): 531-550.

Inoue Nakamura, N. and T. Matsuzawa (1997). "Development of stone tool use by wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)." Journal of Comparative Psychology 111(2): 159-173.

Kortlandt, A. (1986). "THE USE OF STONE TOOLS BY WILD-LIVING CHIMPANZEES AND EARLIEST HOMINIDS." Journal of Human Evolution 15(2): 77-132.

Kortlandt, A. and E. Holzhaus (1987). "NEW DATA ON THE USE OF STONE TOOLS BY CHIMPANZEES IN GUINEA AND LIBERIA." Primates 28(4): 473-496.

Matsuzawa, T., D. Biro, et al. (2001). Emergence of culture in wild champanzees: Education by master-apprenticeship.

McGrew, W. C. (1974). "TOOL USE BY WILD CHIMPANZEES IN FEEDING UPON DRIVER ANTS." Journal of Human Evolution 3(6): 501-&.

McGrew, W. C. (1998). "Culture in nonhuman primates?" Annual Review of Anthropology 27: 301-328.

McGrew, W. C. and C. E. G. Tutin (1978). "EVIDENCE FOR A SOCIAL CUSTOM IN WILD CHIMPANZEES." Man 13(2): 234-251.

Mulcahy, N. J. and J. Call (2006). "Apes save tools for future use." Science 312(5776): 1038-1040.

Pruetz, J. D. and P. Bertolani (2007). "Savanna chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus, hunt with tools." Current Biology 17(5): 412-417.

Sanz, C. M. and D. B. Morgan (2007). "Chimpanzee tool technology in the Goualougo Triangle, republic of Congo." Journal of Human Evolution 52(4): 420-433.

Sanz, C., D. Morgan, et al. (2004). "New insights into chimpanzees, tools, and termites from the Congo basin." American Naturalist 164(5): 567-581.

Sugiyama, Y. and J. Koman (1979). "TOOL USING AND TOOL MAKING BEHAVIOR IN WILD CHIMPANZEES AT BASSOU GUINEA." Primates 20(4): 513-524.

Suzuki, S., S. Kuroda, et al. (1995). "TOOL-SET FOR TERMITE-FISHING BY CHIMPANZEES IN THE NDOKI FOREST, CONGO." Behaviour 132: 219-235.

Tomasello, M. (1990). Cultural transmission in the tool use and communicatory signaling of chimpanzees?

Tomasello, M., A. C. Kruger, et al. (1993). "CULTURAL LEARNING." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16(3): 495-511.

van Schaik, C. P., R. O. Deaner, et al. (1999). "The conditions for tool use in primates: implications for the evolution of material culture." Journal of Human Evolution 36(6): 719-741.

Whiten, A., J. Goodall, et al. (1999). "Cultures in chimpanzees." Nature 399(6737): 682-685.

Whiten, A., J. Goodall, et al. (2001). "Charting cultural variation in chimpanzees." Behaviour 138: 1481-1516.

Whiten, A., V. Horner, et al. (2005). "Conformity to cultural norms of tool use in chimpanzees." Nature 437(7059): 737-740.

 

Diet, Distribution, Feeding, Foraging, Ecology, Habitat, Hunting and Nesting

Andrews, P. (1992). "EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENT IN THE HOMINOIDEA." Nature 360(6405): 641-646.

Boesch, C. (1994). "COOPERATIVE HUNTING IN WILD CHIMPANZEES." Animal Behaviour 48(3): 653-667.

Boesch, C.  (1994).  Hunting strategies of Gombe and Taï chimpanzees.  In:  Chimpanzee Cultures, R.W. Wrangham, W.C. McGrew, F.B.M. deWaal, and P.G. Heltne (eds.)  Harvard University Press: Cambridge, pp. 77–92.

Boesch, C. and H. Boesch (1983). "OPTIMIZATION OF NUT-CRACKING WITH NATURAL HAMMERS BY WILD CHIMPANZEES." Behaviour 83: 265-286.

Boesch, C. (1991). "THE EFFECTS OF LEOPARD PREDATION ON GROUPING PATTERNS IN FOREST CHIMPANZEES." Behaviour 117(3-4): 220-242.

Boesch, C. and H. Boesch (1989). "HUNTING BEHAVIOR OF WILD CHIMPANZEES IN THE TAI-NATIONAL-PARK." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 78(4): 547-573.

Conklin-Brittain, N. L., R. W. Wrangham, et al. (1998). "Dietary response of chimpanzees and cercopithecines to seasonal variation in fruit abundance. II. Macronutrients." International Journal of Primatology 19(6): 971-998.

Furuichi, T., C. Hashimoto, et al. (2001). "Extended application of a marked-nest census method to examine seasonal changes in habitat use by chimpanzees." International Journal of Primatology 22(6): 913-928.

Furuichi, T., C. Hashimoto, et al. (2001). "Fruit availability and habitat use by chimpanzees in the Kalinzu Forest, Uganda: Examination of fallback foods." International Journal of Primatology 22(6): 929-945.

Gordon, K. D. (1982). "A STUDY OF MICROWEAR ON CHIMPANZEE MOLARS - IMPLICATIONS FOR DENTAL MICROWEAR ANALYSIS." American Journal of Physical Anthropology 59(2): 195-215.

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Kano, T. (1972). Distribution and adaptation of the chimpanzee on the eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika. Kyoto Univ Afr Stud 7: 37-129.

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Kortlandt, A. (1996). "A survey of the geographical range, habitats and conservation of the pygmy chimpanzee (Pan paniscus): an ecological perspective." Primate Conservation 16: 21-36.

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McGrew, W. C., P. J. Baldwin, et al. (1988).  Diet of wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) at Mt. Assirik, Senegal.  1:  Composition.  American Journal of Primatology 16(3): 213-226.

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Disease, Endocrinology, Immune Function

Altizer, S., A. Dobson, et al. (2006). "Seasonality and the dynamics of infectious diseases." Ecology Letters 9(4): 467-484.

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Lohmann, V., F. Korner, et al. (1999). "Replication of subgenomic hepatitis C virus RNAs in a hepatoma cell line." Science 285(5424): 110-113.

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Evolutionary Theory, Life History, Sex Differences, Sexual Selection, Fossils

Dominy, N. J. and P. W. Lucas (2001). "Ecological importance of trichromatic vision to primates." Nature 410(6826): 363-366.

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Nishida, T., N. Corp, et al. (2003). "Demography, female life history, and reproductive profiles among the chimpanzees of Mahale." American Journal of Primatology 59(3): 99-121.

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Smolker, R. A., A. F. Richards, et al. (1992). "SEX-DIFFERENCES IN PATTERNS OF ASSOCIATION AMONG INDIAN-OCEAN BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHINS." Behaviour 123: 38-69.

Wrangham, R. W., J. H. Jones, et al. (1999). "The raw and the stolen - Cooking and the ecology of human origins." Current Anthropology 40(5): 567-594.

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Genetics, Genomics and Molecular Biology

Bond, J., E. Roberts, et al. (2005). "A centrosomal mechanism involving CDK5RAP2 and CENPJ controls brain size." Nature Genetics 37(4): 353-355.

Britten, R. J. (2002). "Divergence between samples of chimpanzee and human DNA sequences is 5%, counting indels." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99(21): 13633-13635.

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Gilad, Y., O. Man, et al. (2003). "Human specific loss of olfactory receptor genes." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(6): 3324-3327.

Glazko, G. V. and M. Nei (2003). "Estimation of divergence times for major lineages of primate species." Molecular Biology and Evolution 20(3): 424-434.

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Harpending, H. and A. Rogers (2000). "Genetic perspectives on human origins and differentiation." Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics 1: 361-385.

Mikkelsen, T. S., L. W. Hillier, et al. (2005). "Initial sequence of the chimpanzee genome and comparison with the human genome." Nature 437(7055): 69-87.

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Olson, M. V. and A. Varki (2003). "Sequencing the chimpanzee genome: Insights into human evolution and disease." Nature Reviews Genetics 4(1): 20-28.

Patterson, N., D. J. Richter, et al. (2006). "Genetic evidence for complex speciation of humans and chimpanzees." Nature 441(7097): 1103-1108.

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Pilbeam, D. (1996). "Genetic and morphological records of the hominoidea and hominid origins: A synthesis." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 5(1): 155-168.

Ruvolo, M. (1997). "Molecular phylogeny of the hominoids: Inferences from multiple independent DNA sequence data sets." Molecular Biology and Evolution 14(3): 248-265.

Stephens, J. C., J. A. Schneider, et al. (2001). "Haplotype variation and linkage disequilibrium in 313 human genes." Science 293(5529): 489-493.

Tamura, K. and M. Nei (1993). "ESTIMATION OF THE NUMBER OF NUCLEOTIDE SUBSTITUTIONS IN THE CONTROL REGION OF MITOCHONDRIAL-DNA IN HUMANS AND CHIMPANZEES." Molecular Biology and Evolution 10(3): 512-526.

Wilson, A. C. and V. M. Sarich (1969). "A MOLECULAR TIME SCALE FOR HUMAN EVOLUTION." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 63(4): 1088-&.

Wyckoff, G. J., W. Wang, et al. (2000). "Rapid evolution of male reproductive genes in the descent of man." Nature 403(6767): 304-309.

Wildman, D. E., M. Uddin, et al. (2003). "Implications of natural selection in shaping 99.4% nonsynonymous DNA identity between humans and chimpanzees: Enlarging genus Homo." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 100(12): 7181-7188.

Winckler, W., S. R. Myers, et al. (2005). "Comparison of fine-scale recombination rates in humans and chimpanzees." Science 308(5718): 107-111.

 

Social Behavior, Social System, Aggression, Bonding, Mating Systems, Parenting

Buchan, J. C., S. C. Alberts, et al. (2003). "True paternal care in a multi-male primate society." Nature 425(6954): 179-181.

Bygott, J.D.  1979.  Agonistic Behavior, dominance and social structure in wild chimpanzees of the Gombe National Park.  In: D A Hamburg and E R McCown, (eds): The Great Apes. Menlo Park: Benjamin/Cummings, pp. 404-427.

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de Waal, F. B. M. (1989). "FOOD SHARING AND RECIPROCAL OBLIGATIONS AMONG CHIMPANZEES." Journal of Human Evolution 18(5): 433-459.

de Waal, F. B. M. (1997). "The chimpanzee's service economy: Food for grooming." Evolution and Human Behavior 18(6): 375-386.

de Waal, F. B. M. (2000). "Primates - A natural heritage of conflict resolution." Science 289(5479): 586-590.

de Waal, F. B. M. (2008). Putting the altruism back into altruism: The evolution of empathy. Annual Review of Psychology. 59: 279-300.

de Waal, F. B. M. and A. Vanroosmalen (1979). "RECONCILIATION AND CONSOLATION AMONG CHIMPANZEES." Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 5(1): 55-66.

de Waal, F. B. M. and L. M. Luttrell (1988). "MECHANISMS OF SOCIAL RECIPROCITY IN 3 PRIMATE SPECIES - SYMMETRICAL RELATIONSHIP CHARACTERISTICS OR COGNITION." Ethology and Sociobiology 9(2-4): 101-118.

de Waal, F. B. M. and M. L. Berger (2000). "Payment for labour in monkeys." Nature 404(6778): 563-563.

Galef, B. G. and L. A. Giraldeau (2001). "Social influences on foraging in vertebrates: causal mechanisms and adaptive functions." Animal Behaviour 61: 3-15.

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Goodall, J. (1977). "INFANT KILLING AND CANNIBALISM IN FREE-LIVING CHIMPANZEES." Folia Primatologica 28(4): 259-282.

Goodall, J. (1983). "POPULATION-DYNAMICS DURING A 15 YEAR PERIOD IN ONE COMMUNITY OF FREE-LIVING CHIMPANZEES IN THE GOMBE-NATIONAL-PARK, TANZANIA." Zeitschrift Fur Tierpsychologie-Journal of Comparative Ethology 61(1): 1-60.

Gosling, S. D. and O. P. John (1999). "Personality dimensions in nonhuman animals: A cross-species review." Current Directions in Psychological Science 8(3): 69-75.

Hare, B. and M. Tomasello (2005). "Human-like social skills in dogs?" Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9(9): 439-444.

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Hashimoto, C., T. Furuichi, et al. (2001). "What factors affect the size of chimpanzee parties in the Kalinzu Forest, Uganda? Examination of fruit abundance and number of estrous females." International Journal of Primatology 22(6): 947-959.

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Hunt, K. D. and W. C. McGrew (2002). Chimpanzees in the dry habitats of Assirik, Senegal and Semliki Wildlife Reserve, Uganda.

Itani, J. and A. Suzuki (1967). "The social unit of chimpanzees." Primates 8: 355-381.

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Kuroda, S. (1980). "SOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF THE PYGMY CHIMPANZEES PAN-PANISCUS." Primates 21(2): 181-197.

Kuroda, S., T. Nishihara, et al. (1996). Sympatric chimpanzees and gorillas in the Ndoki Forest, Congo.

Manson, J. H. and R. W. Wrangham (1991). "INTERGROUP AGGRESSION IN CHIMPANZEES AND HUMANS." Current Anthropology 32(4): 369-390.

McGrew, W.C.  1979.  Evolutionary implications of sex differences in chimpanzee predation and tool use. In: The Great Apes, Perspectives on Human Evolution, ed. D.A. Hamburg and E.R. McCown. Menlo Park: Benjamin/Cummings.

Mitani, J. C. and T. Nishida (1993). "CONTEXTS AND SOCIAL CORRELATES OF LONG-DISTANCE CALLING BY MALE CHIMPANZEES." Animal Behaviour 45(4): 735-746.

Mitani, J. C., D. A. Merriwether, et al. (2000). "Male affiliation, cooperation and kinship in wild chimpanzees." Animal Behaviour 59: 885-893.

Mitani, J. C., D. P. Watts, et al. (2002). "Recent developments in the study of wild chimpanzee behavior." Evolutionary Anthropology 11(1): 9-25.

Newton-Fisher, N. E. (1999). "Association by male chimpanzees: a social tactic?" Behaviour 136: 705-730.

Newton-Fisher, N. E. (1999). "Infant killers of Budongo." Folia Primatologica 70(3): 167-169.

Nishida, T. (1968). "The social group of wild chimpanzees in the Mahali mountains." Primates 9: 167-224.

Nishida, T. (1983). "ALPHA STATUS AND AGONISTIC ALLIANCE IN WILD CHIMPANZEES PAN-TROGLODYTES-SCHWEINFURTHII." Primates 24(3): 318-336.

Nishida, T. and M. Hiraiwa-Hasegawa (1987). Chimpanzees and bonobos: cooperative relationships among males.

Nishida, T., M. Hiraiwahasegawa, et al. (1985). "GROUP EXTINCTION AND FEMALE TRANSFER IN WILD CHIMPANZEES IN THE MAHALE NATIONAL-PARK, TANZANIA." Zeitschrift Fur Tierpsychologie-Journal of Comparative Ethology 67(1-4): 284-301.

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Pusey, A. E. (1990). "BEHAVIORAL-CHANGES AT ADOLESCENCE IN CHIMPANZEES." Behaviour 115: 203-246.

Pusey, A., J. Williams, et al. (1997). "The influence of dominance rank on the reproductive success of female chimpanzees." Science 277(5327): 828-831.

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Tutin, C. E. G., W. C. McGrew, et al. (1983).  Social organization of savanna dwelling chimpanzees ( (Pan troglodytes verus) at Mount Assirik, Senegal. Primates 24(2): 154-173.

Watts, D. P. (1998). "Coalitionary mate guarding by male chimpanzees at Ngogo, Kibale National Park, Uganda." Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 44(1): 43-55.

Watts, D. P. (2002). "Reciprocity and interchange in the social relationships of wild male chimpanzees." Behaviour 139: 343-370.

Watts, D. P. and J. C. Mitani (2001). "Boundary patrols and intergroup encounters in wild chimpanzees." Behaviour 138: 299-327.

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