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Brian Powell

IU sociologists examine workplace stress, parenting trends, voter ID laws and more at annual meeting

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- Indiana University Bloomington faculty members and graduate students presented research findings at the 110th annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, a five-day meeting in Chicago that concludes today. Several of their studies are highlighted.

New Yorker cartoons reveal attitudes toward parenting
Women in mostly male workplaces exhibit psychological stress response
Higher female attainment in education not reflected by expectations
Effects of voter ID laws difficult to pinpoint
Perception of urban schools led to divergent charter school policies in Indiana and Kentucky

New Yorker cartoons reveal attitudes toward parenting

Jaclyn Tabor and Jessica Calarco tap a novel data source to track changing attitudes toward parenting during the 20th and early 21st centuries: cartoons in the New Yorker magazine.

“We find that portrayals of children and child-rearing are both more varied and more fluctuating than existing research would suggest,” said Tabor, an Indiana University Bloomington doctoral student in sociology. "Contemporary cartoons celebrate children but also recognize the significant challenges children create for parents. Cartoons from the 1920s and 1930s -- when rates of childlessness were also high -- reveal a similar set of mixed attitudes.”

In recent decades, parenting seems to have become an increasingly all-consuming project, particularly in affluent and highly educated families, said Tabor and Calarco, an assistant professor in the Department of Sociology in the College of Arts and Sciences at IU Bloomington. Yet those same decades have also seen a dramatic increase in the number of adults -- and especially affluent and highly educated adults -- who are choosing to forgo parenthood entirely.

Their paper investigates that paradox of modern, privileged parenting, using a content analysis of New Yorker cartoons from 1925 to 2006 to examine portrayals of children and child-rearing.

In light of the findings, Tabor and Calarco argue that, when child-rearing poses particularly high costs to parents, and when those costs are widely recognized, reluctance about parenting can easily lead to opting out. They discuss the implications of these patterns for research on children and childhood, research on popular parenting patterns and research on changing demographic trends.

Tabor and Calarco presented their study, “The Parent Trap: What New Yorker Cartoons Reveal About Competing Trends in Childrearing, 1925-2006,” today during a roundtable on researching concerning children and youth. (Read more on the IU Newsroom site.)

Eliza Pavalko

Eliza Pavalko named IU Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs

Eliza Pavalko, a sociologist whose research areas include work-life issues and the relationship between career, family and health, has been named Indiana University Bloomington vice provost for faculty and academic affairs.

Pavalko is the Allen D. and Polly S. Grimshaw Professor of Sociology in the College of Arts and Sciences at IU Bloomington. An IU faculty member since 1991, she chaired the Department of Sociology from 2009 to 2014. She succeeds Tom Gieryn, who has retired after serving as vice provost since 2009.

Pavalko’s research interests lie in the areas of the sociology of the life course, aging, health, work, gender and social change. With funding from the National Institute on Aging and National Institute of Mental Health, and in collaboration with numerous graduate students and colleagues, her attention has centered on paid and unpaid work careers, health trajectories and how they are framed within institutional policies and practices, historical context and gender regimes.

She has served as editor of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior and secretary-treasurer and section chair for the American Sociological Association Section on Aging and the Life Course. She served as director of graduate studies for the Department of Sociology and has received several teaching honors including the IU Trustees Teaching Award and the Graduate Student Mentor Award.

She received her M.S. and Ph.D. in sociology from Florida State University and was a National Institute on Aging postdoctoral trainee at the Carolina Population Center at the University of North Carolina.

In accordance with the Bicentennial Strategic Plan for Indiana University Bloomington, the Office of the Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs plays a lead role in fostering a culture that promotes a scholarly community across the arc of faculty members’ careers. It provides support for mentoring, active engagement with colleagues and students, and opportunities for professional development, helping faculty members achieve professional excellence. It supports faculty in their career paths, sponsors awards and competitions to nurture and to recognize excellence, and provides resources for living and working in Bloomington. 

ASA logo

IU faculty and grad students win multiple ASA awards

The most recent newsletter from the American Sociological Association Section on Social Psychology includes articles about four IU Sociology graduate students. Bianca Manago is the recipient of the Graduate Student Investigator Award, and Long Doan, Annalise Loehr, and Lisa Miller received the Graduate Student Paper Award. In addition, graduate student William McConnell was awarded the Howard B. Kaplan Memorial Award for distinguished research in the areas of mental health, self-concept and health, or deviance from the Medical Sociology section.

IU Sociology faculty also earned accolades. Jennifer Lee and her co-author, Jun Xu (an IU alumnus), are the recipients of the 2015 Research Paper Award from the ASA Section on Asia and Asian Americans for their 2013 Social Forces article entitled, “Marginalized Model Minority? An Empirical Examination of the Racial Triangulation of Asian Americans.”

In addition, Youngjoo Cha and her coauthor Kim Weeden are the recipients of the 2015 Outstanding Article Award from the ASA’s Inequality, Poverty, and Mobility Section for their article, “Overwork and the Slow Convergence in the Gender Earnings Gap,” published in the American Sociological Review in 2014. Congratulations to all of our award winners!

Youngjoo ChaYoungjoo Cha’s recent ASR article on the rise in overwork and its effect on the gender wage gap has received a great deal of media coverage, including: Time, Businessweek, Forbes, Huffington post, Washington Post, The New Yorker, Harvard Business Review, The Nation, Boston Review, and the Council on Contemporary Families Brief Report.
Jessica Calarco Jessica Calarco’s ASR article on how social class makes a difference in how children tackles classroom problems has been featured New York Magazine, Huffington Post, and Education Week, among others:

http://nymag.com/scienceofus/2014/08/working-class-kids-dont-ask-enough-questions.html


http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/09/10/working-class-students_n_5799212.html


http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/inside-school-research/2014/09/want_students_to_ask_for_help_.html


http://news.indiana.edu/releases/iu/2014/08/calarco-class-study.shtml

Brian PowellBrian Powell among IU experts discussing federal court rulings regarding the same-sex marriage ban.