Gawronski, B. (2001). Implicational schemata and the correspondence bias: On the diagnostic value of situationally constrained behavior. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Drawing on G. D. Reeder's (1993) schematic model of dispositional inference, it is hypothesized that the correspondence bias can be due to perceivers' schematic assumptions about trait-behavior relations (i.e., implicational schemata) in situational adjustment. Applied to attitude attribution, the diagnostic value of a situationally constrained essay is assumed to be judged by an implicit theory of ability, i.e., only those who hold a corresponding attitude are able to write a persuasive essay towards a given position. Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrate that free choice essays lead to the attribution of a corresponding attitude regardless of the persuasiveness of the essay, whereas situationally constrained essays lead to less correspondent inferences when essays are unpersuasive than when they are persuasive. Experiment 3 offers evidence that the persuasiveness of an essay affects situational adjustment rather than behavioral categorization. Experiment 4 further demonstrates that implicational schemata guide situational adjustment rather than situational disambiguation. Consequences for understanding the processes that lead to the correspondence bias are discussed.