Eliot Smith

Professor of Psychology and Cognitive Science
1101 E. Tenth St.
Indiana University, Bloomington
Bloomington, IN 47405
Phone: (812) 856-0196

Email: esmith4 -at- indiana.edu 

Ph.D. (1975) Social Psychology, Harvard University

Fellow, Divisions 8 (SPSP ) and 9 (SPSSI), American Psychological Association
Charter Fellow, American Psychological Society
Incoming Editor, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Attitudes and Social Cognition, receiving new manuscripts beginning Jan. 2011.



Research interests

Professor Smith's research interests focus on (a) role of intergroup emotions (emotions experienced with respect to one's collective self as a group member) in prejudice and intergroup relations; (b) new conceptualizations of cognition as situated and embodied and their implications for social cognition; (c) connectionist or neural network models in social psychology; (d) social cognition in general, particularly the nature of mental representations of persons and groups and their effects on social judgments, including person perception and stereotyping.

More detailed description of research interests here.

Selected Recent Publications (mostly reverse chronological order)

Smith, E. R., & Mackie, D. M. (1999). Social psychology (second edition). Philadelphia: Psychology Press.
The Italian translation is out! Click here to view cover.

Smith, E. R., & Conrey,  F. R.  (in press). Mental representations as context-sensitive, reconstructed “states” rather than “things”: Implications for implicit and explicit measurement.  To appear in B. Wittenbrink & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Implicit measures of attitudes.  New York: Guilford Publications. 

Smith, E. R., & Conrey,  F. R. (in press). The social context of cognition.  To appear in P. Robbins & M. Aydede (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Situated Cognition.  Cambridge University Press.

Smith, E. R., & Mackie, D. M.  (in press).  It’s about time: Intergroup emotions as time-dependent phenomena.  To appear in R. Brown & D. Capozza (Eds.), Social Identities: Motivational, Emotional, Cultural Influences.  New York: Psychology Press.

Coats, S., & Smith, E. R.  (in press). Distinctiveness and Memory: A Comparison of the Social and Cognitive Literatures.  To appear in R. R. Hunt & J. B. Worthen (Eds.), Distinctiveness and memory.  Osford University Press.

Smith, E. R., & Semin, G. R.  (in press). Socially Situated Cognition As A Bridge.  To appear in P. A. M. Van Lange (Ed.), Bridging social psychology: Benefits of transdisciplinary approaches.  Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Maitner, A. T., Mackie, D.M., & Smith, E. R.  (in press).  Antecedents and consequences of satisfaction and guilt following ingroup aggression. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations.

Garcia, A. L., Miller, D. A., Smith, E. R., & Mackie, D. M.  (in press).  Thanks for the compliment? Emotional reactions to group-level versus individual-level compliments and insults. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations.

Smith, E. R., & Neumann, R.  (in press). Emotion Considered From the Perspective of Dual-Process Models. In L. Feldman Barrett, P. Niedenthal, & P. Winkielman (Eds.), Emotion:  Conscious and Unconscious. New York: Guilford.

Petrocell, J. V., & Smith, E. R.  (in press). Who I am, who we are, and why: Links between emotions and causal attributions for self and group-discrepancies.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 

Smith, E. R.  (in press).  Multiply categorizable social objects: Representational models and some potential determinants of category use.  In R. J. Crisp & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Multiple social categorization: Processes, models, and applications.  Hove, E. Sussex, UK: Psychology Press.

Smith, E. R., & Mackie, D. M.  (2005).  Emotions.  In J. Dovidio, L. Rudman, and P. Glick (Eds.), Reflecting On The Nature of Prejudice, pp. 361-376).  Oxford: Blackwell.

Miller, D. A., Smith, E. R., & Mackie, D. M.  (2004).  Effects of intergroup contact and political predispositions on prejudice: Role of intergroup emotions. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 7, 221-237.

Castelli, L., Zogmaister, C.,  Smith, E. R., & Arcuri, L.  (2004). On the automatic evaluation of social exemplars.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 373-387.

Mackie, D. M., Silver, L., & Smith, E. R.  (2004). Intergroup emotions: Emotion as an intergroup phenomenon.  In L. Z. Tiedens & C. W. Leach (Eds.), The social life of emotions (pp. 227-245).  Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Smith, E. R., & Semin, G. R.  (2004). Socially situated cognition: Cognition in its social context.  Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 53-117.

Smith, E. R., Jackson, J. W., & Sparks, C. W.  (2003).  Effects of inequality and reasons for inequality on group identification and cooperation in social dilemmas.  Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 6, 201-220.

Mackie, D. M., & Smith, E. R. (Eds.)  (2002).  From prejudice to intergroup emotions: Differentiated reactions to social groups.  Philadelphia: Psychology Press.
    Michael Hogg, University of Queensland, Australia: “This book is a timely and quite original integration of diverse strands of research that address the ‘hot’ dimension of intergroup behavior – a dimension that has until recently taken the back seat to an emphasis on cognitive processes and structures.  By bringing this work together, Mackie and Smith have done the field a great service in setting a clear agenda for this new emphasis in the social psychology of intergroup behavior”

Semin, G. R., & Smith, E. R.  (2002).  Interfaces of social psychology with situated and embodied cognition.  Cognitive Systems Research, 3, 385-396.

Queller, S., & Smith, E. R.  (2002).  Subtyping versus bookkeeping in stereotype learning and change: Connectionist simulations and empirical findings.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 300-313.

Smith, E. R.  (2002).  Overlapping mental representations of self and group: Evidence and implications.  In J. P. Forgas & K. D. Williams (Eds.), The social self: Cognitive, interpersonal, and intergroup perspectives (pp. 21-35).  Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

Mackie, D. M., & Smith, E. R.  (2002).  Intergroup emotions: Prejudice reconceptualized as differentiated reactions to out-groups.  In J. P. Forgas & K. D. Williams (Eds.), The social self: Cognitive, interpersonal, and intergroup perspectives (pp. 309-326).  Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

Smith, E. R., & Ho, C.  (2002).  Prejudice as intergroup emotion: Integrating relative deprivation and social comparison explanations of prejudice.  In I. Walker & H. Smith (Eds.), Relative deprivation: Specification, development, and integration (pp. 332-348).  Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Smith, E. R., & Queller, S. (2001). Memory representations. In A. Tesser & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Blackwell handbook in social psychology, Vol. I: Intraindividual processes (pp. 111-133). Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Smith, E. R., Coats, S., & Murphy, J. (2001). The self and attachment to relationship partners and groups: Theoretical parallels and new insights. In C. Sedikides & M. B. Brewer (Eds.), Individual self, relational self, and collective self: Partners, opponents, or strangers? (pp. 109-124). Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.

Mackie, D. M., Devos, T., & Smith, E. R. (2000). Intergroup emotions: Explaining offensive action tendencies in an intergroup context. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 602-616.

Smith, E. R. (2000). Subjective experience of familiarity: Functional basis in connectionist memory. In H. Bless & J. Forgas (Eds.), The role of subjective states in social cognition and behavior (pp. 109-124). Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.

Smith, E. R. (2000). Research design. In H. T. Reis & C. M. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in social psychology (pp. 17-39). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Smith, E. R., & DeCoster, J. (2000). Dual process models in social and cognitive psychology: Conceptual integration and links to underlying memory systems. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 4, 108-131. Abstract

Coats, S., Smith, E. R., Claypool, H., & Banner, M. (2000). Overlapping mental representations of self and in-group: Response time evidence and its relationship with explicit measures of group identification. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 36, 302-315.

Smith E. R., & DeCoster, J. (1999). Associative and rule-based processing: A connectionist interpretation of dual process models. In S. Chaiken & Y. Trope (Eds.), Dual process theories in social psychology (pp. 323-336). New York: Guilford Press. Abstract

Semin, G. R., & Smith, E. R. (1999). Revisiting the past and back to the future: Memory systems and the linguistic representation of social events. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 877-892. Abstract

Smith, E. R., Coats, S., & Walling, D. (1999). Overlapping mental representations of self, in-group, and partner: Further response time evidence and a connectionist model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 873-882. Abstract

Jackson, J. W., & Smith, E. R. (1999). Conceptualizing social identity: A new framework and evidence for the impact of different dimensions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 120-135.

Coats, S., & Smith, E. R. (1999). Perceptions of gender subtypes: Sensitivity to recent exemplar activation and in-group/out-group differences. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 25, 515-526.

Smith, E. R. (1999). Affective and cognitive implications of group membership becoming part of the self: New models of prejudice and of the self-concept. In D. Abrams & M. Hogg (Eds.), Social identity and social cognition (pp. 183-196). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. Abstract

Smith, E. R., Murphy, J., & Coats, S. (1999). Attachment to groups: Theory and measurement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 94-110. Abstract

Smith, E. R. (1998). Mental representation and memory. In D. Gilbert, S. Fiske & G. Lindzey (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (4th edition, Vol. 1, pp. 391-445). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Smith, E. R., & DeCoster, J. (1998). Person perception and stereotyping in a recurrent connectionist network using distributed representations. In S. J. Read & L. Miller (Eds.). Connectionist and parallel distributed processing models of social reasoning and behavior (pp. 111-140). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Stewart, T. L., Doan, K. A., Gingrich, B. E., & Smith, E. R. (1998). The actor as context for social judgment: Effects of prior impressions and stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1132-1154.

Mackie, D. M., & Smith, E. R. (1998). Intergroup relations: Insights from a theoretically integrative approach. Psychological Review, 105, 499-529.
Winner, Gordon Allport Intergroup Relations Prize for the best paper of the year on intergroup relations, sponsored by SPSSI.

Smith, E. R., & DeCoster, J. (1998). Knowledge acquisition, accessibility, and use in person perception and stereotyping: Simulation with a recurrent connectionist network. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 21-35. Abstract

Smith, E. R., Fazio, R. H., & Cejka, M. A. (1996). Accessible attitudes influence categorization of multiply categorizable objects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 888-898. Abstract

Smith, E. R., Henry, S. M. (1996). An in-group becomes part of the self: Response time evidence. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 635-642. Abstract.

Carlston, D. E., & Smith, E. R. (1996). Mental representation. In E. T. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (pp. 184-210). New York: Guilford Press.Abstract.

Smith, E. R. (1996). What do connectionism and social psychology offer each other? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 70, 893-912. Abstract.

Smith, E. R. (1994). Procedural knowledge and processing strategies in social cognition. In R. S. Wyer & T. K. Srull (Eds.), Handbook of social cognition (2nd ed., Vol. 1, pp. 99-151). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Smith, E. R. (1994). Attribution theory and research: Returning to Heider's conceptions. In P. G. Devine, D. L. Hamilton, & T. M. Ostrom (Eds.), Social cognition: Its impact on social psychology (pp. 77-108). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

Frey, K. P., & Smith, E. R. (1993). Beyond the actor's traits: Forming impressions of actors, targets, and relationships from social behaviors. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 486-493. Abstract.

Smith, E. R., Stewart, T. L., & Buttram, R. T. (1992). Inferring a trait from a behavior has long-term, highly specific effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 753-759. Abstract.

Smith, E. R., & Zarate, M. A. (1992). Exemplar-based model of social judgment. Psychological Review, 99, 3-21. Abstract.


Other links:

Indiana Department of Psychology home page

Social Cognition Paper Archive home page