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collage of photos

About the Images

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1524 edition of Hernan Cortes' map

Cortés Map
An illustration of Tenochtitlán as viewed by Spanish conquerors upon arriving in the city. Woodcut was designed by an anonymous European engraver and published with Hernan Cortés' second letter to Charles V in 1524. [Courtesy of Indiana University’s Lilly Library]

Teapaca - Codex

Tepeaca Codex
Map drawn in 1596 for use in a land claim by the community of Tepeaca, Mexico. [Courtesy of Indiana University’s Lilly Library]

Chac Mask - Labna

Chac Mask, Mexico
A mask of Chac, god of rain and lightening—featured in Carlos Fuentes’ short story “Chac Mool” (1954)— over the temple doorway, at the pre-Columbian Mayan ruins at Labna in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. [“Chac Mask” ©]

Peneda-Gerês National Park

Woods in Peneda-Gerês National Park, Portugal
A woodland scene in Peneda-Gerês National Park in Portugal’s Norte region. [“Woods” ©]


Basílica do Senhor Bom Jesus, Brazil
Basílica do Senhor Bom Jesus, in the Brazilian town of Congonhas, was finished at the end of the 18th century and is renowned for its carved soapstone sculptures of the twelve prophets by the artist Aleijadinho (Antônio Francisco Lisboa). [“Basilica do Senhor Bom Jesus” ©]

Volcán Osorno

Volcán Osorno, Chile
Chile’s most active volcano, from the region of Los Lagos in Southern Chile, where poet and IU graduate Marjorie Agosín (PhD, 1982)  grew up, as retold in her memoirs, A Cross and a Star: Memories of a Jewish Girl in Chile (1995). [“Volcán Osorno” ©]


Sardana, Catalonia
The traditional Catalan dance, la sardana,is performed every Sunday at noon at the Plaça de la Seu outside the Cathedral of Barcelona. [Photograph courtesy of Professor Catherine Larson]

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu, Perú
The pre-Columbian ruins of Machu Picchu, Peru, where around 1450, the Inca constructed a city at almost 8,000 feet above sea level. Machu Picchu is remembered famously in Pablo Neruda’s Canto general de América (1950). [Photograph courtesy of Professor Deborah Cohn].


Don Quixote
In 2005, Indiana University celebrated the 400th Anniversary of the publication of Part I of Don Quixote with a symposium that included a gallery exhibit of important holdings from early modern Spain including the Lilly Library’s rare 2nd edition of Primera y segunda parte del ingenioso hidalgo don Quixote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes (Madrid, 1637). [Courtesy of Indiana University’s Lilly Library]


Alhambra Wall detail, Spain
Wall detail featuring ornate Arabic lettering from Granada’s Alhambra, completed in mid-14th Century Al-Andalus under Muhammad V. The characters from a poor, Madrid neighborhood in Pedro Almodovar’s film ¿Qué he hecho yo para merecer esto?  wistfully dream of visiting the Alhambra. [“Wall detail” ©]