Research News

Melissa Clark (IUB), $319,000 (2012-2016) from the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) to conduct the Indiana Clean Lakes Program, an assessment of Indiana lakes and reservoirs to determine water quality and track trends in lake eutrophication levels, train and support a corps of volunteer lake monitors, and conduct education and outreach to the public on lake and watershed nonpoint source pollution issues. Continued assessment of lake nutrient levels and effects, begun in the early 1970s, allows the state and the U.S. EPA to ascertain and track any trends in lake eutrophication via water quality reports and listings of impaired waterbodies, and to compare levels from year to year.

Roger Jarjoura and Thomas D. Stucky (IUPUI), $71,136 from the Indiana Criminal Justice Institute to provide data to the Data Analysis Working Group (DAWG) of Indiana’s Criminal Code Evaluation Commission. The project will collect information on all Class D felony offenders that entered the Indiana Department of Correction (DOC) from June 1 to August 31, 2011. Collection of this information will permit a fuller understanding of why offenders are going to the DOC. With this information, policymakers will be able to make informed decisions about legislative or policy changes that might be implemented to ensure public safety and help to reduce the prison population in Indiana.

Drew Klacik (IUPUI), $75,000 from the YMCA of Greater Indianapolis to develop a concept paper that weighed expansion opportunities in Indianapolis. The concept paper addressed the new facilities’ potential impact on the quality of life in the surrounding neighborhoods. Specifically, the study looked at the public value of three selected YMCA programs: after-school program, summer camp, and diabetes prevention initiatives. In addition, the research studied the economic impact of new construction and the economic contributions of operating the new facilities.

Sam Nunn, Akeem Sadiq, and Jamie Palmer (IUPUI), $135,000 from Crowe Horwath LLP for the Disaster Housing and Emergency Services project. The Center for Criminal Justice Research (CCJR) will assist Crowe Horwath in delivering a statewide Indiana emergency services and shelter plan to the Indiana Department of Homeland Security (IDHS). The project will collect and summarize best practices in emergency services and mass care plus assess Indiana’s current capabilities in these areas and identify where improvements could be made. Using that information, CCJR will work with Crowe and IDHS to create a plan for disaster–related emergency services and shelters in Indiana and assist in developing a training exercise to test the plan.

Joe Shaw (IUB), $318,924 from the National Science Foundation. The award is part of a larger collaborative project, The genomic basis of dramatic, rapid, convergent evolution in the killifish Fundulus heteroclitus, that Dr. Shaw will be working on with researchers from Louisiana State University, the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, University of Miami, and University of Washington. The grant will facilitate sequencing the full genome of the Atlantic killifish, a species of fish that live in urban estuaries and have rapidly and repeatedly evolved dramatic tolerance to extreme pollution stress. The project will also include re–sequencing of genomes from sensitive and tolerant populations, potentially enabling the discovery of the genetic changes that facilitated this extreme tolerance, and address whether the genetic variants that confer tolerance or sensitivity to pollution in one population are the same as in other populations.

Phil Stevens (IUB), $446,119 from the National Science Foundation to study the chemistry of the hydroxyl (OH) radical in the atmosphere. The OH radical plays a central role in the chemistry of the atmosphere, as it controls the lifetime of methane and other trace gases important to issues of global climate change. In addition, the OH radical initiates the oxidation of volatile organic compounds in the atmosphere that lead to the production of ozone and secondary organic aerosols, the primary components of photochemical smog. This study will focus on measurements in different forest environments to help to improve our understanding of the chemistry of biogenic emissions, their impact on ozone and aerosol formation, and how this chemistry will change with future climate change.

Thomas D. Stucky (IUPUI), $405,450 (2011-2013) from the Indiana Criminal Justice Institute (ICJI) to help improve the effectiveness of state–funded criminal justice initiatives. The two–year project will look at programs financed by ten federal funding streams overseen by ICJI, examine relevant research, and identify the characteristics of programs that work best. The project will also identify gaps in available data that limit the state’s ability to make evidence–based criminal justice decisions. When complete, this project will ensure that the state’s allocation of criminal justice dollars is sound and based on cutting–edge research.

Anh Tran (IUB), $348,000 from the Vietnam International Education Development Department to continue the Vietnam Young Leader Awards (VYLA) program, a partnership between Indiana University and the Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training that involves sending outstanding Vietnamese civil servants to SPEA for a two–year Master of Public Affairs degree. The program includes classroom training and a summer experience in Washington, DC, New York, and Boston involving institutions including the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the United Nations. This is the second year of the program, the only one that Vietnam has taken part in to specifically send young people to the US for training in public policy.