Real Food Challenge Criteria
The RFC defines “real” food as that which satisfies the criteria in at least one of the following categories:
Local and Community-Based: These foods can be traced to farms and businesses that are locally owned and operated (within 150/250 miles of the purchasing institution) and gross less than 1% of the industry leader. Sourcing these foods supports the local economy by keeping money in the community and builds community relations. The food travels fewer miles to reach consumers. The food is seasonal, and when it is fresh, it often has a higher nutritional content.
Fair: Individuals involved in food production, distribution, preparation--and other parts of the food system—work in safe and fair conditions; receive a living wage; are ensured the right to organize and the right to a grievance process; and have equal opportunity for employment. Fair food builds community capacity and ensures and promotes socially just practices in the food system.
Ecologically Sound: Farms, businesses, and other operations involved with food production practice environmental stewardship that conserves biodiversity and preserves natural resources, including energy, wildlife, water, air, and soil. Production practices should not use toxic substances and should minimize both direct and indirect petroleum inputs.
Humane: Animals can express natural behavior in a low-stress environment and are raised without hormones, antibiotics or other unnecessary medication. Slaughter and meat-preparation is carried out in facilities that carefully and routinely test for bacterial pathogens, take appropriate remediation action if needed, and that make their testing results public.
The complete RFC Criteria can be accessed here.
Real Food Challenge Background
The Real Food Challenge (RFC) is a non-profit organization that began in 2007 and supports a national network of student food activists. The RFC campaign consists of two major initiatives: the Real Food Campus Commitment and the Real Food Calculator. The Real Food Campus Commitment has been signed by 25 colleges across the country as well as the 24-campus California State University (CSU) system. The commitment includes a procurement goal of 20% “real” food by 2020, as well as additional operational and educational initiatives such as the development of a food systems working group.
RFC History at IU
Two IUB students, Rae Waddel and Kelsey Gumm, started the RFC Calculator process independently during the spring semester of 2013. That summer, four student interns of the Office of Sustainability attained the official support of the Food Working Group and the Dining Directors at IUB and continued the Real Food Calculator initiative. The three dining operations (RPS, Sodexo, Athletics) completed a baseline survey and helped the students acquire invoices for the assessment. The students also started reaching out to vendors for purchasing reports and other information. Two of the interns continued work on the RFC assessment into the fall semester of 2013, before the project became an official IU course.
-- Students working on the Real Food Challenge --
Spring 2013: Rae Waddel, Kelsey Gumm
Summer 2013: Stone Irr, Mary Roper, Amanda Redfern, Angela Babb
Spring 2014: Paige Boyer, Chris Sadjak, Grace Riordan (Instructor: Daniel C. Knudsen)
Spring 2014 RFC Assessment
The students calculated 3.84% of RPS food purchases to be real (sustainable). This percentage of real food is calculated as money spent on real food out of total food expenditures. The 3.84% breaks down as follows:
Preliminary Results (RPS)
Total Expenditure: $12,183,718
Local $252,457 2.07%
Fair $20,973 0.17%
Ecological $188,723 1.55%
Humane $6,057 0.05%
Total “Real Food” $468,210 3.84%
The full report can be found here.
Fall 2014 RFC Assessment
Students calculated the percentage of real food for the Sodexo and Athletics operations. Results will be posted here soon.