Last Updated: July 1, 2002
Responsible University Office: University Human Resources
Responsible University Administrator: Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Policy Contact: University Human Resources
This policy applies to all Staff and Temporary employees and is designed to protect all members of the University community. It applies to relationships among peers as well as to superior/subordinate relationships. It also applies to all individuals, regardless of their gender or sexual orientation.
Harassment on the basis of sex is a violation of federal and state law. Indiana University does not tolerate sexual harassment of its faculty, staff, or students. Individuals who believe they are victims of sexual harassment, as well as those who believe they have observed sexual harassment, are strongly urged to report such incidents promptly. Indiana University will investigate every sexual harassment complaint in a timely manner and, when there is a finding of sexual harassment, take corrective action to stop the harassment and prevent the misconduct from recurring. The severity of the corrective action, up to and including discharge or expulsion of the offender, will depend on the circumstances of the particular case.
- Faculty, staff, and students have the right to raise the issue of sexual harassment. Further harassment against complainants or retaliation against complainants or others who participate in the investigation of a complaint will not be tolerated. Appropriate and prompt disciplinary or remedial action will be taken against persons found to be engaging in such further harassment.
- The University will deal with reports of sexual harassment in a fair and thorough manner, which includes protecting, to the extent possible and to the extent permitted by law, the privacy and reputational interests of the accusing and accused parties.
- Education is the best tool for the prevention and elimination of sexual harassment. Each dean, director, department chair, and/or administrative officer is responsible within his/her area of jurisdiction for the implementation of this policy, including its dissemination and explanation.
- It is the obligation and shared responsibility of all members of the University community to adhere to this policy.
- Enforcement and implementation of this sexual harassment policy will observe the following principles:
- Each campus must have procedures consistent with notions of due process for implementing this policy including where complaints are made, who investigates complaints, how complaints are resolved, what procedures are available for appeals, and how records are kept.
- The Campus Affirmative Action Officer shall serve as a resource with regard to interpretation of sexual harassment guidelines.
- Confidentiality of information relating to investigations of complaints of sexual harassment shall be maintained to the extent practical and appropriate under the circumstances and to the extent permitted by law. Individuals charged with implementing this policy shall share information with regard to given incidents of sexual harassment only with those who have a "need to know" in order to implement this policy.
- Investigations must be conducted promptly and thoroughly.
- Whether particular actions constitute sexual harassment will be determined from the facts, on a case-by-case basis. The university will look at the record as a whole, as well as the context in which the alleged misconduct occurred.
- Both the charging party and the respondent will be notified of the outcome of the investigation.
- Following federal guidelines, Indiana University defines sexual harassment as follows:
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when:
- submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual's employment or academic advancement;
- submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for employment or academic decisions affecting such individual; or
- such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work or academic performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working or learning environment
- Once a person in a position of authority at Indiana University has knowledge, or should have had knowledge, of conduct constituting sexual harassment, the University could be exposed to liability. Therefore, any administrator, supervisor, manager or faculty member who is aware of sexual harassment and condones it, by action or inaction, is subject to disciplinary action.
- In the event it is found that sexual harassment has occurred, corrective action, up to and including discharge or expulsion of the offender, will be taken through the appropriate channels of the university. The corrective action will reflect the severity and persistence of the harassment, as well as the effectiveness of any previous remedial action. In addition, the university will make follow-up inquiries to ensure the harassment has not resumed and the complainant has not suffered retaliation.
Examples of Sexual Harassment
The following are a few examples of situations which could lead to allegations of sexual harassment. This does not purport to be an exhaustive list.
A male craft worker continually makes off-color, sexual jokes about women in front of a new female apprentice. In addition, he does not give her important training she needs to successfully complete her apprenticeship and puts her down in front of her co-workers. When she discusses the situation with her supervisor, she is told to ignore it. In addition, when the supervisor witnesses the behavior, no action is taken to stop it.
When an affair between a supervisor and one of his employees goes sour, he refuses to share important information with the employee and gives him poor performance reviews in retaliation for breaking off the relationship.
A clerical worker is promised a promotion if he agrees to date his supervisor.
After a doctoral student refuses the sexual advances of her dissertation director, she begins to receive extreme, negative criticism, challenging the scholarly worth of her dissertation, although previously the proposal had been given the director's full support.
A professor constantly asks one of his students to accompany him to a local restaurant to discuss her work. At first the professor discusses matters related to her course work, but lately he has begun talking about his recent divorce, as well as telling the student how pretty she is and how much he would like to get to know her better. Eventually the professor asks her to go out with him. The student states that she would rather they simply continue to discuss her course work, but the professor insists that they go out next weekend just to have fun.
Not knowing what to do, a student confides in a female faculty member, stating that she is extremely uncomfortable with the advances of one of her professors. Uneasy about discussing the matter with her colleague or the dean, the professor tells the student she can be counted on to lend a sympathetic ear, but otherwise makes no attempt to report.
In the hospital hallway, a male doctor and a male student health care professional once again discuss the physical attractiveness of a female patient. A female student health care professional feels embarrassed and excluded by the conversation. She suspects that she has also been the topic of a similar conversation. When she expresses her feelings of discomfort, she is told there is no harm intended and that she needs to "grow up" if she wants to be successful on this clinical rotation.