Guide to Create Content

Streaming media can be produced in several different ways. We will discuss the two most likely scenarios for creating your streaming content: live capture and transcoding.

Live capture allows you to take a video and audio source, such as a video camera or VCR, and capture it to your computer's hard drive. Your computer will need some sort of capture device that is compatible with source hardware. Most camcorders have analog audio/video out jacks that you can plug into your computer's capture device. Some newer camcorders and VCRs, though, use a digital signal that is far superior to analog, but requires your computer to also have compatible hardware.

Transcoding allows you to take existing audio/video files on your computer and convert them to a streaming format. For example, you may already have videos that you produced for CD-ROM distribution. You will need to transcode those videos to a streaming format before you can stream them.

Sometimes you will need to use both live capture and transcoding to create your streaming videos. If you have video editing software on your computer, such as Adobe Premiere or Apple iMovie, you will need to capture your video in your editor's preferred format. When you are finished editing, you will then transcode your movie to a streaming format.

Real *OBSOLETE*
UITS will retire the Real server on 7/31/2011. No new content should be created in Real's proprietary format. Please use the Flash or Windows Media streaming servers instead.

Follow the Using RealConverter Guide to convert your files to Flash or Windows Media formats.

Real's streaming file format is proprietary and requires that you obtain their RealProducer software tool for creation of Real streaming media. The free RealProducer Basic gives you the necessary functionality to produce high quality streaming video and audio, but does have some limitations. For increased functionality you will need to purchase the RealProducer Plus version.
See RealNetworks.com for more details on RealProducer Basic and Plus.
See Real's Production Guide for more information about creating streaming content with Real.
QuickTime *OBSOLETE*
UITS is retiring the QuickTime Streaming Server on 7/31/2011. No new content should be created specifically for QTSS. Please use the Flash or Windows Media streaming servers instead.

Although the free QuickTime client can play all QuickTime streaming formats, QuickTime Pro is required to create them. QuickTime Pro is available for both Macintosh and Microsoft Windows computers for $29.99 from Apple's web site.
QuickTime files must be "hinted" for them to be streamable. All video and audio codecs can be hinted and streamed, but tracks that contain QuickTime VR or Flash will not stream. QuickTime VR and Flash movies must reside on a web server.
Windows Media
Microsoft's Windows Media technologies provide advanced audio and video codecs for streaming media. Advanced playback functionality is available for Microsoft Windows XP and Vista with Windows Media Player (latest is version 11), but Mac OS X comptuers are capable of most basic playback functions with the Flip4Mac plugin.
For Windows platforms, use Microsoft's Windows Media Encoder for creating streaming media files.
For Mac OS X computers, see http://www.flip4mac.com for information about creating Windows Media files in QuickTime-compatible applications.
Flash Media
CREATING FLASH VIDEO FILES
Using a Mac, you can create Flash compliant MPEG4 files with any QuickTime-enabled application (including iMovie). Once you have captured and/or edited your video, export it using the following settings:
File Format: MP4
Video Format: H.264 BASELINE
Audio Format: AAC

Using a Windows XP/Vista PC, you can capture Flash video with the free Adobe Flash Media Encoder. Simply save your recording as a file and upload it to the streaming server. Note: H.264 video files with the ".f4v" extension use the "mp4" format in the streaming URL described below.

In addition, Adobe offers other tools tailored to creating Flash video, including Flash CS3 Professional (available through EPIC).

CREATING YOUR OWN SWF
Using Adobe Flash CS3 Professional, you can create customized Flash presentations to integrate with your website. Here are the simple instructions for including Flash streaming videos in your presentation:
1. Create a new Flash document (AS3 recommended)
2. Choose "File", "Import", "Import video..."
3. Choose "Already deployed to a web server..."
4. For H.264/AAC MPEG4 files, enter the streaming URL as follows: rtmp://flashstream.indiana.edu/ip/media/mp4:accountname/video.mp4 (replace "accountname" with your webserve.iu.edu account name and "video.mp4" with your flash video file name).
For older FLV files, enter the streaming URL as follows: rtmp://flashstream.indiana.edu/ip/media/flv:accountname/video.flv (replace "accountname" with your webserve.iu.edu account name and "video.flv" with your video file name).
5. Choose "Continue" and finish your Flash Presentation.
6. Place your ".swf" file and accompanying web files in your "www" or "wwws" folder on webserve.iu.edu.