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Fritz Breithauptteapot, c. 1760 (Fenton, England) V&A MuseumMary Favret

Constance Furey

Jesse Molesworth

Ananas comosus

festive meal, 2013

guest, 2013 Workshop

Michel Chaouli

host, 2013 Workshop

banquet, 2013 Workshop

guest, 2013 Workshop

Scott Juengel


May 14-May 16, 2014. Participation is limited to those on the program and others who have registered in advance. You must register via the Indiana University Conference Registration Service in order to receive the Workshop materials.

All sessions take place in the Distinguished Alumni Room (Indiana Memorial Union). It is easy to get lost in the IMU so please allow enough time to arrive promptly!

Weds., May 14; 2:00-2:30 Welcome and introductions

Weds., May 14; 2:30-4:00 

  • Evan Haefeli (History, Columbia University) “The Delawares as Women: Hospitality as Submission and Resistance”

    The association of women with hospitality runs thickly across human societies and history. Within American history, we find that the Lenape peoples (also known as the Delawares) held a special designation as "women" in the eighteenth century. Some interpret this to mean the Delawares had been appointed to serve as intermediaries and peacekeepers (like the matrons of the Iroquois Confederacy) while others treat it as the legacy of Iroquoian conquest and thus a sign of (deeply gendered) political subservience. This paper re-assesses the longstanding controversy over how and why the Delaware were “women” and uses the framework of hospitality to highlight its contested nature and awful consequences. Reflecting a distinct tradition of accommodating colonists, the Lenapes passed on a set of oral traditions about their early hospitality towards Europeans. By the 1730s, the Lenapes were also the first to articulate a sense of joint indigenous identity defined against those same colonists. Lenape religious leaders like Neolin provided the ideological foundation on which the pan-Indian resistance movement was built. This paper suggests it was through these mutual ideas, images, and memories of hospitality abused and betrayed that the Lenapes developed the idea of Indians as a race.

  • Megan Gallagher (Political Science, UCLA) "The Imperial Guest: Excess and the Affective Economy of Diderot’s Supplément

    This paper theorizes the tension between a desire for hospitable relations and a will to dominate by examining the formal and affective roles of excess and fear in Diderot's Supplément au voyage de Bougainville. Its central claim is that the Supplément theorizes a political (specifically, republican) alternative to despotism, a form of politics characterized by excesses. It considers the French/Tahitian encounter described in the Supplément as a "despotic imaginary" in which each party places demands on the other. Diderot's text traces a series of exchanges in which the colonizers transmit their own fear of the subjugated other to those they seek to subjugate. In so doing, they fail (as do the characters ostensibly discussing the supplementary text, perfunctorily named A and B) to recognize that the purportedly Edenic nature of Tahiti operates according to its own affective economy. While the Tahitians also make claims on the French, their claims do not approach the level of despotic demands because, as Diderot recognizes, the Tahitians' power, as well as their affective economy, remains bound to their possession of the island. The power of Bougainville and his crew is abstract and thus eminently motile; it rests in their (in)ability as (imperial) 'guest' to impose their fear-based affective economy upon (colonial) 'host' societies.

  • Comment: Sarah Knott (History, Indiana University)

Weds., May 14; 4:30-6:00

  • Dana Rabin (History, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign) “Jacobites, Hospitality Networks, and the Rule of Law”

    By the mid-eighteenth century, Britain was enmeshed in a global empire which used the law to manage interactions between individuals, nations, and cultures. The "rule of law" became Britain's signature ideology and a central justification for its imperial claims. The product of imperial reach and contact with other peoples and cultures, this discourse shaped relations with internal others as well. This paper uses the case of the Jacobite, Archibald Cameron, arrested in 1753 but tried and executed for the hospitality he showed Prince Charles in 1745, to demonstrate how the rule of law violated both itself and norms of aristocratic sociability. This paper demonstrates the criminalization of hospitality and the metropolitanization of imperial conflicts.

  • Ana Rueda (Hispanic Studies, University of Kentucky) “Housing the Enemy: Non-competing moral demands in Marqués y Espejo’s Anastasia

    Antonio Marqués y Espejo’s novel Anastasia o la recompensa de la hospitalidad. Anécdota histórica de un casto amor contrariado [Anastasia or hospitality rewarded (Valencia: Ildefonso Mompie, 1818)] takes place during the Napoleonic wars in Spain. Framed by a quasi-historical account of hospitable practices in the Bible and among the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans, the novel tells the story of a French lieutenant and his pregnant wife who flee France in order to have a life together (against her family's opposition). Welcomed into a humble home in Navarre, the woman dies in childbirth while her husband continues to Pamplona where he joins his unit and fights the Spanish. Nonetheless, the good-hearted Isabel adopts the baby and raises her as her own. My analysis explores this tale of hospitality extended during a hostile military intervention with special attention to: cases where the traveler seeking asylum is also the enemy; the tension between religious and civic forms of hospitality; the divergence between law and morality as exemplified by the letter of the first and the hospitable epistolarity of the latter.

  • Comment: Mary Favret (English, Indiana University) and Lara Kriegel (History and English, Indiana University).

Weds., May 14; 7:30-until we exhaust our welcome...
Festive Hospitality at the home of Oz Kenshur and Margo Gray

Thursday, May 15

Thurs., May 15; 9:15-10:45

  • Burcu Gürsel (independent scholar, Istanbul, Turkey), “Persona Non Grata: Mouradgea d’Ohsson Between Empire, Republic, Kingdom”

    A member of the minority in more senses than one, the Ottoman translator, Ignatius Mouradgea d'Ohsson (1740-1807) occupied a unique place in end-of-the-eighteenth-century Ottoman Empire and France. Born in Istanbul to Armenian and French parents, d'Ohsson was a translator for the Swedish Embassy there and hence technically a Swedish subject. He moved to France where he wrote and published the monumental Tableau général de l'Empire Othomane (1787), then back to Istanbul from where he was expelled as the Ottoman Empire's first persona non grata, only to be expelled one more time from Paris when French-Swedish relations deteriorated. He is, then, both the paradigmatic and impossible figure of the hôte ["guest" and "host"] in Istanbul and in Paris and inversely, the universally depatriated persona non grata.In both his Tableau and in his treatise for reform commissioned by Selim III (1793-1794), d'Ohsson negotiates cultural "origin," authenticity, and reappropriation, and effectively attempts to do the same thing twice, albeit in a mirror reflection.

  • Heather Morrison (History, SUNY—New Paltz) “Seed Collectors Hunting for Beds: Hospitality’s Limits in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic”

    A group of five men aspiring to James Cook's fame and successes left Vienna on a botanical expedition in 1783. They crossed Europe and then the Atlantic, to amass seeds, living plants, animals, and natural history objects to augment the collections of Holy Roman Emperor and Habsburg Monarch Joseph II. While this trip was a failure, the problems encountered along the way tell us much about how travelers functioned on extensive journeys and about the limits, real and imagined, of eighteenth-century hospitality. For this failed botanical expedition did produce multiple travelogues, including two volumes (never published) in which Dr. Matthias Stupicz recorded boring details in his stilted German. Dr. Stupid, as a group of American sailors called him, recorded nothing but his personal experience of travel and the details other eighteenth-century writers (and readers) would find unremarkable. Yet precisely because of his ineptitude as a scientific writer, his journals provide a rich basis for direct comparison between Central European and Mid-Atlantic American hospitality in 1783.

  • Comment: Guillaume Ansart (French and Italian, Indiana University), Fritz Breithaupt (Germanic Studies, Indiana University), and Alex Tipei (History, Indiana University)

Thurs., May 15; 11:00-12:30

  • Jimmy Casas Klausen (Political Science, University of Wisconsin) “Patriarchal Hospitality; or, Unqueer Rousseau”

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "The Levite of Ephraim" (written shortly after the condemnation of Emile) explores various violations of hospitality. It invites comparison to the Old Testament tale it elaborates (Judges 19-21)—a text which, in turn, provides a contrast with Genesis 19, the story of the incineration of Sodom. This essay focuses on the place of sexuality within these three texts' conceptualization of hospitality. In rewriting Judges 19-21, Rousseau succeeds, but also fails, at revising the terms of patriarchal hospitality. Drawing on classic feminist and queer theory (from Gayle Rubin to Luce Irigaray and Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick), I define patriarchal hospitality as a triangular relationship in which male hosts and guests relate to each other through the subordination and transfer of a woman: patriarchal hospitality is—implicitly or explicitly, positively or by negation—a homosexual exchange of women between men. Consequently, women cannot fully be either hosts or guests within patriarchal hospitality. These analyses point toward a more radical form of hospitality, one involving consensual homosexual intimacy rather than the sexual subordination of women. For Rousseau, however, even if men and women both must follow duty rather than desire, it is still nonetheless the case that proper hospitality places women as bonds between men (who are in mutually exclusive relations with each other). The duty of hospitality is the duty to transform enemies or strangers into political familiars by monogamy and heterosexuality.

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (citizen, Geneva) “The Levite of Ephraim” and The Confessions, book eleven
  • Judges 19-21; Genesis 19
  • Comment: Constance Furey (Religious Studies, Indiana University)

Thurs., May 15, 12:30-2:00
Lunch—various options (commercial hospitality)

Thurs., May 15; 2:00-3:30: Eighteenth-Century Hospitalities in the Lilly Library collections

Thurs., May 15; 4:00-5:30

  • David Clark (English and Cultural Studies, McMaster University) “Inhospitable Peace:  Kant’s Wartime and the Tremulous Body of Philosophy”

    Immanuel Kant's last texts move from the labor of critique to more social and political concerns. They do so in a time characterized by the brutal intensification of militarism, armed conflict, and the war on thinking. As Kant notes in his 1795 "Toward Perpetual Peace," Europe has brought itself to the very brink of something new and horrifying: "wars of extermination." In what ways are Kant's late writings inflected by this grim and globalized prospect, marred by the violence to which they also bear witness? How are the works of the 1790s made to tremble at war's awful reality? War changes at the end of the eighteenth century. In Kant's hands, thoughts of peaceableness and hope do too.

  • Chair: Michel Chaouli (Germanic Studies, Indiana University)

Thurs., May 15; 7:00 for 7:30
Banquet, the Back Room at the Uptown Cafe (102 Kirkwood Avenue)

Friday, May 16

Fri., May 16, 9:15-10:45

  • Scott Juengel (English, Vanderbilt University) “Jane Austen and the Unfinished Right of Resort”

    Austen's unfinished fragment, Sanditon, is a narrative about trying to establish a seaside resort where there isn't one and thus falls conceptually and historically at an incipient moment in the modern "hospitality industry." For the purposes of this paper, I am especially interested in how the word "resort" flickers between the logics of refuge and of recreation, and how the geopolitical spaces of Sanditon and Persuasion suggest Austen's commitment to a much more capacious sense of worldedness, one that moves the host-guest relationship so central to her "domestic" plots into the broader currents of romantic history. 

  • Adela Maria Ramos (English, Pacific Lutheran University) “‘His dignity as an ambassador’: Exotic Pets and Reciprocity in Edgeworth’s Belinda

    In Maria Edgeworth's Belinda (1801), exotic pets serve as emissaries of reciprocity in a fraught network of domestic relationships. While a blue macaw and a bowl of goldfishes effectively repair friendships among the novel's British protagonists, another pet—Juba, a "large dog" of unknown origin—signals the fragile reciprocity that exists between Mr. Vincent, a wealthy West Indian creole, and the aristocrats who host him. In this paper, I argue that Edgeworth's Belinda charts an ethics of hospitality by sanctioning and indicting different kinds of interspecies relationships. Belinda echoes the common eighteenth-century refrain that an excessive love for pets threatens to upend the social order. In the novel, when pets compete with humans for attention, far from bolstering reciprocity they threaten to break down domestic, cross-cultural, and interspecies relationships. By studying Belinda through the lens of hospitality and critical animal studies, I demonstrate how interspecies relationships model self-stranger relationships while imparting crucial lessons about gender and class at home: when only fashionable ladies echo Mr. Vincent's love for his dog, the novel suggests that his West Indian masculinity is akin to the worst kind of British femininity.

  • Comment: Jesse Molesworth (English, Indiana University)

Fri., May 16, 11:00-12:30

  • David Simpson (English, UC-Davis), final comment
  • Chair: Nick Williams (English, Indiana University)

 


[All photos by Chris Martiniano unless otherwise noted.]

 

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