1991

Anthropology in 1991

SOO KYUNG LIM

THE HOT DEPARTMENTS -

TOP FIVE IN FREQUENCY OF AUTHORSHIP IN JOURNALS
Mainstream

  1. UNIV. OF ARIZONA (3)
  2. AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL U.(3)
  3. EMORY UNIV.(3)
  4. UNIV. OF LETHBRIDGE(3)
  5. LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS(3)
    UNIV. OF COLORADO(3)

Marginal

  1. McMASTER UNIV. (4)
  2. PURDUE UNIV (3)
  3. UNIV. OF ARKANSAS(2)
  4. UNIV. OF CALGARY(2)
  5. THE HEBREW UNIV.(2)
    UNIV. OF IOWA (2)
    SUNY, ALBANY(2)
    UNIV. OF WATHERLOO (2)
    UNIV. OF WISCONSIN (2)
*These articles are from Health Transition Center, Pacific Studies, and
Anthropology Departments.
There are 90 articles of cultural and social anthropology in the four main
journals and 49 articles in the three marginal journals.

THE MAJOR THEMES IN JOURNALS by NUMBER OF ARTICLES

MAINSTREAM MARGINS
COGNITIVE ANTHROPOLOGY (15) SYMBOLIC ANTHROPOLOGY (9)
GENDER/FEMINIST ANTHROPOLOGY (13) GENDER/FEMINIST ANTHROPOLOGY (8)
POLITICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (13) PSYCHOLOGICAL ANTH. (8)
SYMBOLIC ANTHROPOLOGY (12) IDENTITY/ BORDER (5)
ECOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (7) KINSHIP & SOCIAL ORGANIZATION (5)
APPLIED ANTHROPOLOGY (6) ETHNICITY (4)
POLITICAL ECONOMY (6) POLITICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (4)
ECONOMIC ANTHROPOLOGY (4) ANTHROPOLOGY OF RELIGION (3)
URBAN ANTHROPOLOGY (4) COGNITIVE ANTHROPOLOGY (2)
ECONOMIC ANTHROPOLOGY (2)

   

THE MAJOR SUB-DISCIPLINES
by affiliation of Authors in 4 major Journals

1 GENDER/FEMINIST ANTHROPOLOGY (14)

2 MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY(8)

3 RELIGION (8)

4 COGNITIVE ANTHROPOLOGY(7)

5 SYMBOLISM(7)
6 ECOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY(6)
7 ETHNICITY(6)
8 POLITICAL ANTHROPOLOGY(6)
9 PSYCHOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY(6)
10 RITUAL(6)

KEY THEMES IN ANTHROPOLOGY DURING 1991

In 1991, the Eastern European communist countries collapsed, resulting in a great deal of social, political, economic, and ideological changes in the world. These changes are reflected in many published articles of that year. Three articles directly address social change, socialism, and economy in Hungary and other Eastern European countries. As you can see above, there are lots of articles about cognitive anthropology, gender, symbolism, and political

anthropology in 1991.

One of the interesting features of the articles of that year is their search for political significance and meanings. In other words, even though some articles deal with gender, discourse analysis or rituals, they look for political meanings underlying these categorizations. Another common theme is the increasing interest in ethnicity. Most of the six articles about the U.S. deal with ethnic identities and Mexican immigrants. These reflect the social and political concerns prominent in 1991 and previous years. Marginal journals are especially interested in local and ethnic identities. Ethnos,published in Sweden mainly deals with Swedish and Finnish identities and ideas of individualism versus collectivity.

Anthropologica, published in Canada had a special series in 1991 on “the anthropology of deviance”. Many of these works try to connect anthropology with sociology, which is seen as “conceptually rich and empirically poor”. Ethnology has many articles concerning “traditional” topics, such as kinship, marriage, rituals, and so on.

In short, many publications in these four mainstream journals of 1991 reflected the contemporary social situation and looked for political meanings clustering around many different issues. The marginal journals dealt instead with “traditional” topics as well as issues of localism and ethnic identity.