Anthropology in 1991
SOO KYUNG LIM
TOP FIVE IN FREQUENCY OF AUTHORSHIP IN JOURNALS
THE MAJOR THEMES IN JOURNALS by NUMBER OF ARTICLES
1 GENDER/FEMINIST ANTHROPOLOGY (14)
2 MEDICAL ANTHROPOLOGY(8)
3 RELIGION (8)
4 COGNITIVE ANTHROPOLOGY(7)
KEY THEMES IN ANTHROPOLOGY DURING 1991
In 1991, the Eastern European communist countries collapsed, resulting in a great deal of social, political, economic, and ideological changes in the world. These changes are reflected in many published articles of that year. Three articles directly address social change, socialism, and economy in Hungary and other Eastern European countries. As you can see above, there are lots of articles about cognitive anthropology, gender, symbolism, and political
anthropology in 1991.
One of the interesting features of the articles of that year is their search for political significance and meanings. In other words, even though some articles deal with gender, discourse analysis or rituals, they look for political meanings underlying these categorizations. Another common theme is the increasing interest in ethnicity. Most of the six articles about the U.S. deal with ethnic identities and Mexican immigrants. These reflect the social and political concerns prominent in 1991 and previous years. Marginal journals are especially interested in local and ethnic identities. Ethnos, published in Sweden mainly deals with Swedish and Finnish identities and ideas of individualism versus collectivity.
Anthropologica, published in Canada had a special series in 1991 on "the anthropology of deviance". Many of these works try to connect anthropology with sociology, which is seen as "conceptually rich and empirically poor". Ethnology has many articles concerning "traditional" topics, such as kinship, marriage, rituals, and so on.
In short, many publications in these four mainstream journals of 1991 reflected the contemporary social situation and looked for political meanings clustering around many different issues. The marginal journals dealt instead with "traditional" topics as well as issues of localism and ethnic identity.
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