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How to Recognize Plagiarism

Word-for-word

Example 2 of 5

Word-for-word plagiarism is committed when a writer takes a sequence of 7 or more words from another source, but fails to identify the quoted passage, fails to provide the full in-text citation crediting the author(s), and fails to provide the bibliographic reference.

Read the example carefully!

Original Source Material: Constructivism is a movement that extends beyond the beliefs of the cognitivist. It considers the engagement of students in meaningful experiences as the essence of learning. The shift is from passive transfer of information to active problem solving. Constructivists emphasize that learners create their own interpretations of the world of information. Source: Heinich, R., Molenda, M., Russell, J. D., & Smaldino, S. E. (1999). Instructional media and technologies for learning. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Plagiarized Version Correct Version

Constructivists do not hold views entirely opposed to those of the cognitivists. The position of constructivists extends beyond the beliefs of the cognitivist.

Reference:

Heinich, R., Molenda, M., Russell, J. D., & Smaldino, S. E. (1999). Instructional media and technologies for learning. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Constructivists do not hold views entirely opposed to those of the cognitivists. The position of constructivists "... extends beyond the beliefs of the cognitivist" (Heinich, Molenda, Russell, & Smaldino, 1999, p. 17).

Reference:

Heinich, R., Molenda, M., Russell, J. D., & Smaldino, S. E. (1999). Instructional media and technologies for learning. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Explanation: This version is word-for-word plagiarism. The student included a portion of the original author's work in a sentence without using quotation marks. No citation points to author or to the reference provided. No credit was given to the original author in the text of the paper, and quotation marks were not used. So a reader does not know these are someone else's words, nor the source where these words can be found--especially if there is more than one reference in the bibliograpphy.

Explanation: Quotation marks are used to indicate that this passage is a word-for-word quote from the original document. Here the full in-text citation follows the quote and includes the locator. Of course, the full reference is also provided. A reader can find exactly where the words came from. Just find the book in the biblography that is referred to, and look on page 17.

We are using APA style here. References are provided at the end of a paper in APA style

In other styles, the bibliographic reference might be put in a footnote on the page where the citation occurs. In any case, the reference should provide sufficient information for a reader to find the original source, e.g., in a library.

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