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How to Recognize Plagiarism

Paraphrasing

Example 5 of 5

Paraphrasing plagiarism is committed when a writer summarizes an idea taken from another source and fails both to cite the author(s) and to provide the corresponding reference.

If the summary contains a sequence of 7 or more words taken from that source which is not properly acknowledged, then word-for-word plagiarism is also committed.

Read the example carefully!

Original Source Material: ... constructivist theory rests on the assumption that knowledge is constructed by learners as they attempt to make sense of their experiences. Learners, therefore, are not empty vessels waiting to be filled, but rather active organisms seeking meaning.

Instead, knowledge must develop and continue to change with the activity of the learner.

It seems clear from remarks of constructivist researchers that constructivist learning goals are best met through a variety of instructional conditions that differ from any proposed by theorists like Gagné.

Source: Driscoll, M. P. (2000). Psychology of learning for instruction (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Plagiarized Version Correct Version

The basic tenet of constructivism holds that learners themselves construct knowledge, rather than receive it from outside themselves. The instructional conditions for learning proposed by Gagne do not support the kind of learning assumed by the constructivists.

Reference:

Driscoll, M. P. (2000). Psychology of learning for instruction (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

The basic tenet of constructivism holds that learners themselves construct knowledge, rather than receive it from outside themselves. The instructional conditions for learning proposed by Gagne do not support the kind of learning assumed by the constructivists (Driscoll, 2000).

Reference:

Driscoll, M. P. (2000). Psychology of learning for instruction (2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Explanation: This is paraphrasing plagiarism. Although the student has paraphrased the original material, she or he fails to include an in-text citation acknowledging the original author.

A reader could not recognize that this passage summarizes ideas from another source, since the in-text citation is lacking and thus cannot be tied directly to the reference for the idea.

 

Explanation: This example has been paraphrased properly and is not considered plagiarism. The student has cited the original author and included the reference.

Next: Patterns of Plagiarism