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How to Recognize Plagiarism

Plagiarism Pattern: Cunning Cover-Up

Definition

A cunning cover-up is paraphrasing plagiarism which includes a summary of another author's ideas, but omits the citation and reference.

Original Source Material:

Five first principles are elaborated: (a) Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. (b) Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. (c) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner. (e) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Source:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Plagiarized Version: Correct Version: Not plagiarized

Learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex.

 

Merrill (2002) claims that learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex.

Reference:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Explanation: This is paraphrasing plagiarism because it contains a summary of another author's ideas, but the in-text citation is missing, and the reference is missing.

Explanation: Merrill's ideas are paraphrased properly, since the in-text citation and reference are included with a summary of another author's ideas.

See full list of plagiarism patterns.