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How to Recognize Plagiarism

Plagiarism Pattern: Devious Dupe

Definition

A devious dupe is a word-for-word plagiarist who takes text from the original source with no proper acknowledgement. Another part of the text taken is properly quoted and cited, as it should be, giving the appearance of a correct quote.

Original Source Material:

Five first principles are elaborated: (a) Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. (b) Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. (c) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner. (e) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Source:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Plagiarized Version: Correct Version: Not plagiarized

Merrill (2002) claims that learning is promoted when students are engaged in solving real-world problems. He further says, "existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, ... new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world" (p. 43).

Reference:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Merrill (2002, p. 43) claims that "learning is promoted when students are engaged in solving real-world problems." He further says, "existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, ... new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world."

Reference:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Explanation: This is word-for-word plagiarism because seven or more words are copied from the source, and there are no quotation marks around this text. While the remainder of the text taken has quotation marks around it and includes the full in-text citation and reference, some of the text is still plagiarized.

Explanation: Merrill is credited by use of quotation marks around his words (punctuation and ellipses added), full in-text citation with the locator, and by the full bibliographic reference.

See full list of plagiarism patterns.