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How to Recognize Plagiarism

Plagiarism Pattern: Disguised Dupe

Definition

A disguised dupe is a word-for-word plagiarist who takes text from another author to make it appear as a proper paraphrase, but omits quotation marks to identify what has been taken, and the citation lacks the locator.

Original Source Material:

Five first principles are elaborated: (a) Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. (b) Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. (c) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner. (e) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Source:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Plagiarized Version: Correct Version: Not plagiarized

Merrill (2002) claims that learning is promoted when students are engaged in solving real-world problems, existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, new knowledge is applied by the learner, and when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Reference:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Merrill (2002) claims that "learning is promoted when students are engaged in solving real-world problems, ... existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge, ... new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world" (p. 43).

Reference:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Explanation: This is word-for-word plagiarism because seven or more words are copied from the source, but quotation marks are missing. The locator is missing from the in-text citation, but the full bibliographic reference is included.

Explanation: Merrill is credited by use of quotation marks around his words (punctuation and ellipses added), full in-text citation with the locator, and by the full bibliographic reference.

See full list of plagiarism patterns.