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How to Recognize Plagiarism

Plagiarism Pattern: Double Trouble

Definition

A double trouble plagiarizer is a word-for-word plagiarist who takes text from another author, fails to use quotation marks to identify what has been taken, omits the full in-text citation, omits the reference, and is also a paraphrasing plagiarist who summarizes the author's words without proper acknowlegement.

Original Source Material:

Five first principles are elaborated: (a) Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. (b) Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. (c) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner. (e) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Source:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Plagiarized Version: Correct Version: Not plagiarized

Learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex. For each problem, existing knowledge should first be activated, then new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, new knowledge is applied by the learner, and new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Reference:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Merrill (2002) claims that learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex. For each problem, existing knowledge should first be activated, then "new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner, ... new knowledge is applied by the learner, and ... new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world" (p. 43).

Reference:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Explanation: This is word-for-word plagiarism because seven or more words are copied from the source, quotation marks, and the full in-text citation is missing. It is also paraphrasing plagiarism because ideas are taken without proper acknowledgement of the source, although the reference was provided.

If double trouble plagiarism occurs on the test, select word-for-word.

Explanation: Merrill is credited by use of quotation marks around his words (punctuation and ellipses added), full in-text citation with the locator, and by the full bibliographic reference. Merrill's ideas are paraphrased properly, since the in-text citation and reference are included.

See full list of plagiarism patterns.