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How to Recognize Plagiarism

Non-Plagiarism Pattern: Proper Paraphrase

Definition

A proper paraphrase summarizes another author's ideas and includes both the in-text citation and the reference.

Original Source Material:

Five first principles are elaborated: (a) Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. (b) Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. (c) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner. (e) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Source:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Correct Version: Not plagiarized

Merrill (2002) claims that learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex.

Reference:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Explanation: Merrill's ideas are paraphrased properly, since the in-text citation and reference are included. No word-for-word plagiarism is present.

See full list of plagiarism patterns.