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How to Recognize Plagiarism

Plagiarism Pattern: Severed Cite

Definition

A severed cite is paraphrasing plagiarism because it includes a summary of the source and the reference, but lacks the citation.

Original Source Material:

Five first principles are elaborated: (a) Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems. (b) Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge. (c) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner. (d) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner. (e) Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

Source:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Plagiarized Version: Correct Version: Not plagiarized

Learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex.

Reference:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Merrill (2002) claims that learning is promoted when first principles of instruction are implemented. Students should solve authentic problems, arranged from simple to complex.

Reference:

Merrill, M. D. (2002). First principles of instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 50(3), 43-59.

Explanation: This is paraphrasing plagiarism. Although the the reference is included, the in-text citation is missing.

Explanation: Merrill's ideas are paraphrased properly, since the in-text citation and reference are included.

See full list of plagiarism patterns.